Healthy People 2020 Nutrition- related Objectives for the Nation for Preconception
For Each Goal… Why does the problem exist? What nutrients are most crucial in terms of ameliorating the problem What would help the nation to achieve the goal? What programs could be developed that would help the nation ameliorate the problem?
Increase the proportion of women who are at a healthy weight prior to pregnancy by 10%
Reduce the proportion of women aged 18 to 44 years who have impaired fecundity by 10%
Reduce the proportion of men aged 18 to 44 years who have impaired fecundity by 10%
Increase the proportion of women who did not drink alcohol prior to pregnancy by 10%
Reduce Iron deficiency among females of childbearing age by 10%
Increase the proportion of women of childbearing potential with intake of at least 400 mcg of folic acid from fortified foods or dietary supplements by 10%
Reduce the proportion of women of childbearing potential who have low red blood cell folate concentrations by 10%
Increase the proportion of women delivering a live birth who received preconception care services and practiced key recommended preconception health behaviors by 10%
The Life-Course Approach to Nutrition and Health Meeting nutritional needs across the life cycle Healthy individuals require the same nutrients throughout life Dietary considerations based on ethnicity People immigrating to the United States and other countries preserve dietary traditions and integrate cross-cultural adaptations Dietary considerations based on religion Diets may be defined by cultures and religions .
Nutrition Assessment Community-level assessment Assessing a community’s “state of nutritional health” Uses vital statistics data, surveys, observations Used to develop community-wide nutrition programs Individual-level assessment Clinical/physical assessment Dietary assessment Anthropometric assessment Biochemical assessment .
Nutrition Assessment (cont’d.) Clinical/physical assessment Visual inspection for features that may be related to malnutrition Dietary assessment 24-hour dietary recalls and records Dietary history Food frequency questionnaires Internet dietary assessment resources USDA’s Automated Multiple-Pass Method The Healthy Eating Index .
Nutrition Assessment (cont’d.) Anthropometric assessment Measurements of body size and shape Biochemical assessment Nutrient and enzyme levels Gene characteristics Other biological markers Monitoring the nation’s nutritional health National Nutrition Monitoring System .
Public Food and Nutrition Programs A variety of federal, state, and local programs are available Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Nationwide priorities for improvements in nutritional health Public health initiatives “Healthy People 2020” .
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- Spring '14
- Nutrition, Fertility, Vitamin, Folic acid