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1.Explain what the terms “party era,” “critical election,” and “party realignment” mean and how they are connected to each other. Use two examples from the timeline completed in class to illustrate the terms.A party era is the historical period in which a majority of voters cling to the party in power, which tends to win a majority of the elections.A critical election is an election that heralds a realignment, during which large numbers of voters deviate from their traditional party allegiances in what turns out to be a lasting change.A party realignment is a shift from one party system to another, the result of a lasting, long-term adjustmentin the groups that identify with the major political parties.Two examples from the timeline we used in class were2.Analyze the difference between a primary and a caucus. Include the various types of primaries. Briefly discuss the benefits and drawbacks to the primary and caucus system.A primary is a method of candidate selection in which party identifiers vote for the candidate who will run on the party label in the general election. In presidential primaries, voters select delegates to the national convention. There are four different types of primaries: open (anyone of any political party affiliation may vote), closed (only those voters registered with that particular party may vote), semi-open (anyone of any political party affiliation may vote but can only vote in one primary), and runoff (a few states hold a second primary between the two candidates with the most votes).A caucus is a method of candidate selection in which party identifiers gather in a series of meetings to select delegates to the national convention.The difference between a primary and a caucus is that a caucus are local gatherings where voters can decidewhich candidate to support, where as a primary is a statewide voting process where voters cast secret ballots for the candidate they prefer. (Caucus participants also make their preferences more public.)Some benefits to primaries are that they are quick and private; some drawbacks are that there is no dialogueand pre-research. Some benefits to caucuses are that they are accurate and contain political dialogue; some drawbacks are that they can take a long time, be disorganized, not private, and have more peer pressure.