3. In The Hobbitand in Ocean at the End of the Lanethe authors challenge social expectations of heroism and sacrificial behaviour. What is portrayed as an alternative type of heroism and /or compassion in either or both novel. Heroism itself is often a byproduct of sacrifice. Heros in most stories have to give up many things, such as family, love and just a normal life. Heroes also often die once their quest ends since they have fulfilled their purpose. Death in order to save others is considered the ultimate sacrifice. While the heros in the following stories may not necessarily die, they show that sacrifice is a fundamental characteristic to anyone that can be considered a hero, as proven in J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbitand Neil Gaiman’s The Ocean at the End of the Lane. In The Ocean at the End of the Lane, the hero is not the protagonist at all, and even then the hero does not really come off as a heroic figure until her death. Unlike Bilbo, the hero in this story, Lettie, is in possession of youth, wisdom and is considered of special birth. Despite this, her uniqueness seems to come from her knowing everything, and traditionally the wise character is simply an advisor or teacher to the hero, Gandalf is to Bilbo. This is further aided by the fact that Lettie is not the protagonist and the story is told through another’s eyes. “Then the woman pursed her lips and made a tchutch! noise. "They've missed the note," she said. /"He wrote it so carefully too, folded it and put it in his breast pocket, and they haven't looked there yet." /"What does it say?" asked Lettie.” (Gaiman 21).