Everything - Baroque in Italy At first a derogatory term...

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Baroque in Italy At first a derogatory term Meant something that had broken away from the classical norm Things that seemed irregular In terms of form and established rules Builds on Renaissance Builds on Mannerism But goes further Involves viewer Emotional response Theatrical Experiential Sensuous Movement, space Underlying order Conveys impression of power Promotes basic institutions Monarchy Church and papacy Empire Three centers Rome France Central Europe Four basic formal problems: Reevaluations of: relationship between building and surrounding space… Process of entry Reevaluation of: treatment of façade Renaissance architecture= flat facades Baroque involves space; façade= theatrical frontispiece Reevaluation of: articulation of interior space Greater integrations of spatial units, fluid Not always distinct parts Overlapping spaces More characteristic of Italy and central Europe France more structured Reevaluation of: relationship between architecture and ornament: Cannot separate. Renaissance could separate Sculpture, painting, architecture= totality Façade of Il Gesu, Rome Giacomo della Porta Stories overlap Layers Process of entry Carlo Maderno Sta Susana, Rome
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Nunnery Il Gesu as point of departure But taller More aggressive movement into space Layering planes and overlapping St Peters Maderno: chief architect in 1603 Decide to add nave to Michelangelo’s building Fourth century nave torn down 1606 Began new nave 1607 Why add nave? Pagan associations of the centralizing plan Nothing of the old nave should be left uncovered Need for a benedictional loggia Emphasis on processions Criticism: too low, too lumpy What choice did he have? Cupolas designed my Maderno to provide light to the aisles Benedictional loggia Pope appears here now in center of façade Bernini Child prodigy Age 17 first commissions from papal family Continues to move in circles of successive popes St. Peter’s One of the most overwhelming experiential process… Ponte St. Angelo Beginning of “process of entry” to St. Peters Only bridge over tiber Bridge is roman Statues of angels added by Bernini and his workshop Colonnade and Piazza of St. Peter’s Before the construction of the colonnade: temporary awnings constructed to provide shelter for those Approaching St. Peter’s Several solutions for general shape had been suggested Final geometrical plan of colonnade- oval Original plan: secion of colonnade between two arms of colonnade never built 3 suggested solutions for colannad elevations full scale model for at least one of the solustions first: palladian second: double columns final: single columns 3 passages in colonnade central for carriages= barrel vaulted
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outer passages for foot traffic= coffered from two :central points”, the columns of the colonnade “reverse perspective” effect of the colonnade arms Baldachin Function: Marks tomb of Peter Public relations for the Barbarini Family Lies directly under the dome of St. Peters and marks the tomb of Peter
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2008 for the course ENDS 150 taught by Professor Paul during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Everything - Baroque in Italy At first a derogatory term...

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