1 Lecture 8: Anti-Communism in Hollywood Professor Kevin Sandler Guilty By Suspicion (1991) a fictional account of the Hollywood blacklist
Previous Lesson • Control of Exhibition • Government Regulation and Block Booking • Stars as a Social Phenomenon • Stars as an Economic Phenomenon • Stardom and Ingrid Bergman 2 Professor Sandler and his wife Nadine in front of the Michigan Theater on their wedding day
This Lesson 3 VJ Day in Times Square, August 14, 1945 • Postwar Social and Industrial Shifts • Postwar Hollywood • House on Un- American Activities Committee (HUAC) • The Blacklist • Assignments
Postwar Social and Industrial Shifts 4 Lecture 8: Part I . Clark Gable entered the Air Force after his wife, Carole Lombard, died in a plane crash in January 1942. Gable flew five combat missions in B17s and left the Air Force with the rank of major.
Social Shifts 5 The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) • Decline in Movie Attendance • Television • Expansion of Leisure Activities • Suburbanization • The Baby Boom
Decline in Attendance 6 Pictured in front of the Capitol Theater on Broadway is part of the crowd of 10,000, mostly women and children, who surrounded the entire block to wait in line for the opening performance of The Wizard of Oz . The line began to form at 8 A.M. on August 17 th , 1939, and when the doors opened three quarters of an hour later, more than 6,000 were already in line.
Television 7 Television 1949: Philco model 49-1150 and a Westinghouse ad
Leisure Activities 8 Bowling in Teaneck, New Jersey, 1947; Saturday Evening Post , February 14, 1948
Suburbanization 9 View of housing development near John Tierney farm, Richfield, Minnesota, where people commuted to jobs in Minneapolis-St. Paul in 1954
Baby Boom 1 0 Number of births in the United States, 1934-present. The left hand column is births in thousands. Source: US. Census Bureau.
Industrial Shifts 1 1 • Paramount Decision • The Miracle Case • Growth in Independent Filmmaking
Paramount Decision 1 2 Paramount was forced to sell its affiliated theaters like this one in downtown Atlanta (showing Love Me Tonight in 1932)
The Miracle Case 1 3 Anna Magnani in The Miracle (1948) which played at the Paris Theater in New York City in December 1950 with Jean Renoir’s A Day in the Country (1936) and Marcel Pagnol’s Jofroi (1933) under the compilation title, Ways of Love
Catholic Legion of Decency 1 4 Pope Pius XII meeting with the Catholic Legion of Decency in 1953 at St. Peter’s in Vatican City
Independent Cinema 1 5 Little Fugitive (1953) distributed by Joseph Burstyn
Postwar Hollywood 1 6 Lecture 8: Part II .
- Spring '08
- Hollywood blacklist