pols 1000 semester 2 week 5.docx - POLS 1000 u2013...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

POLS 1000 – Semester 2 Week 5Week 4 SummaryConservative IdeologyoSociety must be the reflection of the universal order of thingsoThe universal order is not created by man, but God, and it is God who gives meaning and the direction society moves inNaturally Organized into a Hierarchal FashionoConservatives argue that societies should be hierarchalThe need to reproduce this hierarchy of the universe give absolute priority to the natural institutions of societyoInstitutions that have withstood the test of time, therefore making them naturalFamilyChurchMonarchyIndividuals must respect these natural institutions and must even strive to protect them as these institutions indicate your place in society and allow you to develop social bonds with others, making them fundamentaloWithout them, individuals are lostoThese natural institutions allow for individuals who respect them to triumph the good over the negativeFirst Responsibility for government is peace and stabilityoAllows for the prosperity of the natural institutionsoCannot impose artificial transformation of society as change must be slow and gradual while accounting for experience, traditions and past practicesSocial DisciplineoCitizens will have to respect that it is their role to respect and protect these naturalinstitutions through laws and educationSlow and not very efficientoOther radical conservative thinkers that violence, both physical and symbolic in order to maintain social disciplineCensorshipImprisonment or ExecutionSocialism OverviewSocialism will be the fruit of the changes ushered in by the triumph of liberalismoRapid industrialization and urbanization will be foundation of the proletariat (modern working class), who will be the focus of the socialist movementSocialism is a recent invention and will appear in a text by Pierre Leroux in November 1833oTaken up in 1841 by a British Industrialist, Robert Owen, who will write a text about what is socialismGain extreme popularity and by the late 19th and early 20th centuryoAlmost anybody who is anybody in the thinking world will be socialist as of 1890- WWII
Socialism in itself will come to designate a set of theoretical and political positions that oppose liberalismoCall liberalism possessive individualismoSocialism will refuse the capitalist actions and refuse private property understood as the unique and exclusive motor of the economyThe social force behind socialism is born of the effects of liberalism and because of this,

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture