Lecture 4 - Malaria Slides Student Nots.pptx

Lecture 4 - Malaria Slides Student Nots.pptx - CHILD...

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CHILD & MATERNAL HEALTH Why? Old vs new school diseases Emergence of global agencies Implementation & prevention
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MALARIA Key questions Why is malaria such an important disease on a global scale? What are the main reasons why malaria remains such a problem? What are the most effective prevention strategies for malaria? How does poverty increase risk of malaria? How does malaria illustrate the importance of drug policy and patents? Can malaria be treated?
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TERMS & DEFINITIONS What is malaria? Parasitic infection that is spread between people by mosquitoes and is arguably the most important vector-transmitted disease in the world. SYMPTOMS Malaria begins as a flu-like illness 8 to 30 days after infection. Symptoms include fever. Typical cycles of fever, shaking chills, and drenching sweats may then develop. Death may be due to brain damage (cerebral malaria), or damage to vital organs. Source: WHO, 2013.
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TERMS & DEFINITIONS Malaria & child health Malaria in pregnancy can lead to maternal mortality, anaemia and low birth weight. Malaria increases risk of co-infections from other diseases. Source: WHO, 2016.
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UN Photo/Michel Szulc-Kryzanowski Source: United Nations MALARI A & ANEMIA
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"Malaria defeated the international community many years ago. We cannot allow this to happen again.” Margaret Chan, Director-General of the WHO Source: United Nations
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MALARIA HISTORY The G & T Quinine powder from cinchona bark used by indigenous people to prevent and treat Malaria. By 1840s British in India were using 700 tons of bark each year for quinine. Quinine so bitter, mixed it with soda and water….. 1870 “Schwepps Indian Quinine Tonic Water”
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MALARIA HISTORY The Panama Canal & the US CDC
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MALARIA HISTORY The Panama Canal & the US CDC Drained pools near houses and villages Brush & grass cutting Rudimentary “insecticides” Use of screens Quinine (drink G&Ts!) Malaria Control in War Areas (MCWA) became the US CDC
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TERMS & DEFINITIONS Why is malaria important? 219 million clinical cases of malaria in 2017 435,000 deaths 75% of deaths are among pregnant women or children < 5. 3.2 billion people at risk Source: WHO, 2013. The leading parasitic cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide.
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MALARIA Global progress
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MALARIA Global progress
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MALARIA Global progress
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MALARIA Global progress
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MALARIA Global progress
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MALARIA Global progress
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Proportion of malaria cases worldwide WHO 2003 Source: Worldmapper
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TERMS & DEFINITIONS Progress? Four Nobel prizes have been award for Malaria focussed research and it has been a major focus of international health efforts Source: WHO, 2013.
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  • Fall '09
  • BULLOCK
  • cerebral malaria

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