100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages.
The importance of the therapeutic relationship was first seen in person-centered psychology that was developed by Carl Rogers. One of the key concepts of his theory is the actualizing tendency. It suggests that people are intrinsically motivated to grow and develop in the direction of becoming more fully functioning, when the right social environmental conditions are present. This theoretical framework sets the stage for unconditional positive regard, empathy, and congruence (Joseph & Murphy, 2013). One the conditions that must exist to promote optimal change is the “therapist experiences an empathic understandingof the client’s internal frame of reference and endeavors to communicate this experience to the client” (Rogers, 2007). Empathy is essential to therapy as it is the process of understanding the client’s private world experiences as if it were your own and communicating that understanding back to the client. In expressing empathy, the therapist does not allow “countertransference” (not a term in Rogerian therapy) to interfere in therapy. The therapist does not get