Bacon 1Lexus BaconProfessor Louise JezierskiMC 3802 February 2018The Modern Social ContractBoth large and limited government formations represent the extremities of positions on governance—socialist versus libertarian—regarding the role of government in the United States. The current federalist formation is neither big nor small, yet, is both big and small—it is purposely fragmented. The government must, however, adapt a more expansive role to counter the changes in culture since its founding. This change may only need to be implemented temporarily as an effort to rebuild and/or restructure communities, interest groups, and unions; when the aforementioned groups revitalize their strength and voice in federal, state and local decisions, the government may return to a smaller structure. In addition to strengthening communities, the US must expand its social contract to bolster the support of individuals, hereby strengthening communities. The US social contract should be changed to increase or enlarge the scope to allcitizens as part of social citizenship and provide individuals with a certain standard of living and assistance when need be, not because it is always the most fiscally efficient route, but because it is necessary in civil society. To do so, America must alter some powers from state to federal government to ensure a standard is met nationwide. This can be achieved by reallocating funds from defense, cutting excess spending, and generating new forms of and/or increasing taxes—this too must be done on a federal, state and local level. That money can then be invested in education, healthcare, social welfare, infrastructure, and community development. A social contract is an agreement between the government and its constituencies that includesspecific social benefits and welfare programs (Fraser and Gordon, 46). An important aspect of the social contract is what T.H. Marshall referees to as social citizenship—access to political, civil, and social rights in the state (Fraser and Gordon, 48). All of these are essential parts in the sustainability and advancement of civil society which is “the sphere of institutions, organizations, and individuals located among the family, the state and the market, in which people association voluntarily to advance common interests” (Anheier, 1). The expansivity of thesocial contract in each individual country can vary based on the collective conscious of the people and its implications and/or variance throughout the country’s history of civil society. In the extreme form, small government is the minimalistic role of government in both publicand private sectors; this perspective is represented by the Libertarian party. These theoriesoriginate from intellectuals such as Adam Smith, Thomas Jefferson, John Locke, and MiltonFriedman. This perspective calls for a small social contract in which people give up someamenities and liberties to engage freely in civil rights without the regulation of the government.