Walden Week 8 Discussion-HIV Complacency.docx - Week 8 Initial Post Drug Treatments for HIV\/AIDS The HIV Epidemic in America There are approximately 1.2

Walden Week 8 Discussion-HIV Complacency.docx - Week 8...

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Unformatted text preview: Week 8 Initial Post Drug Treatments for HIV/AIDS The HIV Epidemic in America There are approximately 1.2 million people living with HIV in America, (CDC, 2016). This deadly disease is transmitted primarily through sexual intercourse when blood or genital fluids are present, IV drug use or needle sticks, through childbirth or breastfeeding, (Arcangelo, Petersen, 2017). Today, testing for HIV has still not been done by half of the adult population in the United States, (CDC, 2016). Increased HIV Complacency HIV has become a manageable chronic health condition and people in our society no longer fear the disease as much as they did in the past. Individuals who are living with HIV are working, they are in relationships, and leading normal lives. HIV patients can now be treated successfully which allows people to live longer and there are advancements in drug therapy that reduces the risk of HIV transmission. With this new breakthrough, there are now HIV patients who are engaging in unprotected sex. However, this deadly disease continues to spread in vulnerable communities. Arcangelo, Petersen, (2017) tells us more people are being infected with the HIV virus and less people are dying from it. This means that our efforts to spread awareness, encouraging people to wear protection and get tested is being ignored by those who are at risk. “Every day, we see the sad and destructive consequences of people who seem to be willing to risk HIV infection just to enjoy sex the way they like it”, (Indiana University, 2017). Treatment for HIV may reduce the virus in the body and dramatically reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others, (CDC, 2016). Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) drugs have worked to successfully maintain an undetectable viral load in the blood, but patients need to have regular viral load testing and monitoring, (Arkell, 2017). If adherence to ART medication is not on-going then viral suppression will not be sustained. Data shows that 40 percent of infected individuals receive consistent medical care and, 30 percent keep the virus under control with treatment, (CDC, 2016). If we were to conclude that sixty percent of the population are having difficulty keeping the virus under control, this would mean that patients with HIV are possibly non-compliant, they may be faced with drug resistance or intolerable side effects from the antiretroviral drugs they are taking. This leads to HIV infected patients having to try different medications that may be toxic, expensive or ineffective. Changing Perceptions, and Increasing Awareness Regarding HIV We must do more for patients who are seeking treatment to understand the privacy and confidentiality rules and laws that are in place in our health care system, we must remove barriers to medical care for people without health insurance or who may be at risk due to their socioeconomic status. Prevention information and prevention tools must be available for a diverse population to access, (CDC, 2016). Also, a collaborative approach has been shown to be effective for medication adherence. Finally, adherence interventions and more support and monitoring from an interdisciplinary team has been proven to be successful, (Krummenacher, et. al, 2012). Strategies to improve Promote Safe Practices and Increase Medication Adherence We must do more to promote rapid HIV tests that are available to anyone wanting to check their status. Finally, adherence interventions and more support and monitoring from an interdisciplinary team has been proven to be successful, (Krummenacher, et. al, 2012). References Arcangelo, V. P., Peterson, A. M., Wilbur, V., & Reinhold, J. A. (Eds.). (2017). Pharmacotherapeutics for advanced practice: A practical approach (4th ed.). Ambler, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Arkell, C. (2017). HIV treatment and an undetectable viral load to prevent HIV transmission. Retrieved from: CDC, (2016). Challenges in HIV Prevention. Retrieved from: Indiana University, (2017). HIV/AIDS: Is Complacency What’s Killing Us? Retrieved from: Krummenacher, I., Cavassini, M., Bugnon, O., & Schneider, M. (2011). An interdisciplinary HIV-adherence program combining motivational interviewing and electronic antiretroviral drug monitoring. AIDS Care, 23(5), 550–561. Retrieved from: WaldenLibrary.org ...
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