SOCI FINAL.docx - Lecture 7 Issues in the workplace Work...

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Lecture 7Issues in the workplaceWork and healthoOur sedentary lifestyle is more detrimental to our health than some diseasesWork and suicideo1/3 of suicides in Japan are caused by overworkingoWork not only affects our physical health, it also affects our mental healthoDon’t have a lot of control on workAverage days of paid vacationoTend not to take any vacation other than those because you don’t want to upsetyour employers or be fired, etc.Foreign students protest slave labor at Hershey’soForced to work long hours and no paysChild laboroAbuse of child/slave labor to produce massive amounts of goodsMain producing countriesoSources of productionoWe should think more about what’s on the other end of productionWorkoTheoryDURKHEIM – functionalist perspectiveDurkheim: in the 19thcentury, French sociologist Emile Durkheimobserved thatthe division of labor in society made peopledependent on one anotheroWhat makes us interdependent, what makes us a societyDurkheim felt that this interdependencecontributed to socialstability and integration, both of which he believed to benecessary for human well-being
oWe don’t fight within a society because we need eachotherKARL MARX – conflict perspectiveMarx saw labor as the principle means by which the humanspecies sought to fulfill its potentialMarx believed that the industrializing societies of his day wereturning work into a degrading, dehumanizing experience for themajority of workersoCreating things with our hands is the most important thingwe can do (what separates us from other species)oManufacturing production line is dehumanizing becausethe ability to create things is what makes us humanUnlike Durkheim, Marx believes that work under a capitalistsystem destabilizes societybecause it does not allow people torealize their true productive potential (or be rewarded fully)The changing structure of work – TRENDSoUnemployment, job insecurity, and other work related problems are a result ofcertain historical trends in the structure of workoImportant trends over the last several decades1- The shift from an agricultural society to an industrial society and morerecently to an deindustrializedsocietyShifts towards manufacturing have been tricky and in these shifts,people get left behindIn each shift, we see populists rising (from the people who wereleft behind)2- A dramatic increase in the bureaucratization of the workplaceProcess has transformed workwork is less of a human processand more about rules and guidelines in bureaucratic3- A rise in contingency work(not full-time, permanent work)4- Globalization(outsourcing). Designed in… but made where?

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Term
Fall
Professor
Carmichael

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