Plato's Euthyphro.doc - Euthyphro Plato Characters Socrates...

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Euthyphro Plato Characters: Socrates, Euthyphro Setting : The discussion is carried on between Socrates and Euthyphro and it takes place on the porch of King Archon. Both Socrates and Euthyphro are involved in matters of a legal nature. Euthyphro has the reputation of being a wise person, a diviner, and a soothsayer. As a teacher he gives instruction on moral and political matters, as well as the practical problems of everyday living. Socrates’ Case (2b-3b) Socrates has just been indicted on the charge of impiety and is facing a court trial. Specifically, Meletus has charge him with (1) corrupting the young, (2) making new gods, and (3) not believing in the old gods. (2b-3b) Euthyphro’s Case (3e-4e) (1) Euthyphro’s servant killed one of his household slaves in fit of drunken anger. (2) Euthyphro’s farther bound the killer and threw him into a ditch. He then sent for a priest to find out what he should do in this matter. (3) While awaiting for the priest to arrive, the servant died from hunger and frostbite. (4) So Euthyphro is prosecuting his father for murder on behalf of the murderer. Euthyphro tells us that his family very upset with him for making this charge; they believe that it is “impious for a son to prosecute his father for murder.” But Euthyphro says that “their ideas of the divine attitude to piety and impiety are wrong.”

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