Breast Cancer stud.pdf - Cellular Regulation Breast Cancers...

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Cellular Regulation: Breast Cancers
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Breast Cancer: Outline Statistics A & P Risk Factors Signs & Symptoms Diagnosis Benign Lesions Malignant Lesions Treatment Interventions Breast Cancer in Men
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Breast Anatomy
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Pathophysiology: Breast Cancer Description: Breast cancer is a malignancy of the breast. It is an unregulated growth of abnormal cells in the breast. Most breast CA is adenocarcinoma.
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Breast Cancer: Risk Factors Female age 50+ 1 st degree relative with breast CA Genetic (BRAC1or 2) Caucasian Early menarche Late menopause Over 30 with 1 st preg. Nulliparity Hormone replacement therapy Obesity High fat diet Alcohol Smoking
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Prevention 2-5% of all breast cancers are related to gene mutation BRCA1 or BRCA2 Protective increased physical activity reduced breast CA rates
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Frequency of Occurrence Highest occurrence is in the upper outer quadrant and in the tail of Spence.
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Breast Cancer: Signs & Symptoms Palpable lump Nipple discharge Edema Skin retraction Orange peel appearance of breast Inverted or nipple changes Prominent venous pattern
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Dimpling Shallow dimple is a sign of skin retraction Cancer causes fibrosis which contracts the ligaments
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Orange Peel (Edema) Lymphatic obstruction produces edema Thickens the skin and exaggerates the hair follicles
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  • Spring '14
  • Brinkley
  • breast cancers

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