SOC 3.docx - SOC 3 Family Beyond cupid and fate Choice of a...

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SOC 3 Family Beyond cupid and fate Choice of a life partner doesn’t depend solely on attraction, getting along well, or shared life goals. Also, legal, cultural, and demographic factors affect choice Marriage restrictions Legal - Interracial marriage: Loving v. Virginia 1967 - Same-sex marriage: Obergefell v. Hodges 2015 Endogamy: marriage to someone within one’s social group - (race, ethnicity, class, education, religion, region, or nationality). Exogamy: marriage to someone from a different social group Social Institution Is organized social structures that direct the essential tasks of living to meet basic social needs - Family - Education - Politics - Economy - Medicine/ Health care The Meaning of Family Pre-Industrialization: Primary function of marriage (and children) was economic / practical Post-Industrialization: Primary function of marriage (and children) is self-fulfillment / romantic ideal Social Construction of the family “Traditional” nuclear family (breadwinner husband, homemaker wife) is not a timeless and universal concept, but a social construction - Influenced by the industrial revolution and the post-WWII economic boom - Largely a white, middle class arrangement - Short-lived - Poverty, child abuse, martial unhappiness, and domestic violence were higher in the 1950s than in the more diverse 1990s
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What is a family? Many different dictionary an cultural definitions Census definition (in the U.S.): A family is two or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder Census Families Over Time The Census has excluded some “family members”: - Non-residential step-parent, grandparent, same-sex couples, heterosexual cohabiting couples The point: Definition of family is a social construction that varies across time and plce but has both symbolic and legal importance. Broader Definition of Family Family is a socially recognized group (usually joined by blood, marriage, or adoption) that forms an emotional connection and serves as an economic unit of society. Basic Forms of the Family A nuclear family is a family consisting of an adult or adult couple and their dependent children - May be embedded in a larger extended family Extended family: A familial network consisting o more than two generations of relatives Theoretical Perspectives on Family
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