nurses questionnaire.pdf - Volume 12 Issue 1 Year 2015...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 10 pages.

Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Year: 2015 Nurses’ working motivation sources and related factors: A questionnaire survey 1 Said Bodur 2 Selma İ nfal 3 Abstract Background : Motivation is an important issue for personnel management in health care settings, as it is related to both performance and intention to quit. Objectives : The study was aimed to determine nurses’ working motivation sources and related factors in hospital s. Design : Descriptive study. Settings : A state university hospital and a public hospital in Turkey. Participants : Two hundred and two nurses were randomly selected from each department in a university and in a public hospital. Methods : Data were collected using a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Motivation Sources Inventory and were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results : Among five motivation sources, internal self-concept-based motivation was the highest and intrinsic process motivation was the lowest in nurses. There was a significant relation between scores of some motivation sources and managerial experience, income level, satisfaction from the unit, staff roles, and perception of work stress. Conclusions : Intrinsic process motivation, instrumental motivation, and external self-concept- based motivation sources may be improved to increase nurses’ total motivation. Keywords : Motivation; Nurse; Hospital; Demography; Motivation sources Introduction Motivation is complex and multidimensional, and clearer de f nitions for motivation are needed (Vilma and Egle, 2007). Many contemporary authors have attempted to define it. For example, Grafham et al. (2004) referred to motivation as a psychological process that gives direction to be havior, Be’gat et al. (2005) defi ned motivation as an internal drive that is present to satisfy unmet needs, and McLean and Anema (2004) described motivation as a will to achieve. 1 This article was presented as poster in 11 th National Congress of Public Health, (23-26 Oct 2007). Denizli, Turkey. 2 Prof. Dr., Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Balıkesir, Turkey, [email protected] 3 M.Sc., Selcuk University Aksehir College of Health, Konya, Turkey, [email protected]
Bodur, S., & İnfal , S. (2015). Nurses’ working motivation sources and related factors: A questionnaire survey. International Journal of Human Sciences , 12 (1), 70-79. doi: 10.14687/ijhs.v12i1.2793 71 Leonard et al. (1999) proposed an integrative model of motivation built on research efforts in the field (Figure 1). Figure 1: Integrative model of motivation Their model integrated several theorists’ perspectives, identifying five sources of motivation: intrinsic process, instrumental, external and internal self-concept, and goal internalization. With intrinsic process motivation, the work itself acts as the incentive, as workers enjoy what they are doing. With instrumental motivation, rewards, such as pay, promotion, and bonuses, motivate the individual. With self-concept- external motivation, a person’s reputation or the way he or she is perceived by others is the motivating factor. With self-concept-internal motivation, the attainment of the ideal self serves as the motivation for behavior. With goal

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture