How_Write_Better_Essays 100.pdf - Processing the Ideas 87 to the will of the leader until the ideology became whatever the leader said it was But to

How_Write_Better_Essays 100.pdf - Processing the Ideas 87...

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to the will of the leader, until the ideology became whatever the leader said it was. But to achieve both of these the leader had to appeal over the heads of the party and the state to the people directly. For this he needed to generate a charismatic authority built on the power of his own personality. In an age of mass communication this offered a source of authority that far exceeded the more usual sources that lay in tradition or in the institutions of government. But it needed a vast propaganda machine that would project the leader not only as the benevolent father of his people, but as an infallible leader whose judgement could not be challenged, what Koestler describes in Dark- ness at Noon as the ‘infallible pointsman’. 2 What’s more, the leader had to demonstrate to his people that he was virtually omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent – all- powerful, all-knowing and ever-present, respectively. In the Soviet Union the economic and industrial progress achieved in each suc-
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