Advanced English II - TOPICS.docx

Advanced English II - TOPICS.docx - TOPIC 1 1.1 Present...

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TOPIC 1.- 1.1 Present Simple and Past Simple Present Simple The Present Simple verb tense is used to talk about actions or states that occur generally or always. The textbook states that about half of all spoken English is in the Present Simple, which is why this is an extremely important tense to master. This verb tense is very useful for explaining your job description, which consists of the activities and responsibilities you have. Here are some examples of sentences that are expressed in Present Simple because they refer to things that happen usually or always. I work Monday-Friday. We have a dress code. My boss doesn’t like long meetings. My commute is 45 minutes. I have to submit an expense report every two weeks. In the chart below, you can see the pattern that regular verbs follow in the Present Simple affirmative tense. Please observe that in the third person singular (he/she/it), verbs will end in –s . This s is the sign of singular. AFFIRMATIVE I You We They work (regular verb) go (irregular verb) He She It works (regular verb) goes (irregular verb) Additionally, it is important to be aware that in English, there are several irregular verbs that do not follow the above pattern exactly. The following chart shows some examples: First person Third person
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singular (he/she/it) I go to the post office. She goes to the post office. I do a lot of work. He does a lot of work. I have a job. She has a job. I watch the news. She watches the news. I push the shopping cart. He pushes the shopping cart. I miss France. She misses France. I fix problems. He fixes problems. I cry . He cries . Present Simple Affirmative Practice Read the following sentences and rewrite them using the verb in the third person singular. Begin each sentence with Mark . Example: I make three client visits per day. Mark makes three client visits per day. 1. I deal with a lot of clients. Mark __________________________________________________________ 2. You supervise ten salespeople. Mark __________________________________________________________ 3. I go to our corporate headquarters once a month. Mark __________________________________________________________ 4. They oversee three important clients. Mark __________________________________________________________
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5. We handle international accounts. Mark __________________________________________________________ Answers Read the following sentences and rewrite them using the verb in the third person plural. Begin each sentence with They . 1. Sheila purchases all the stationary for the office. They __________________________________________________________ 2. Jason supervises the warehouse. They __________________________________________________________ 3. Michelle reports to the CEO. They __________________________________________________________ 4. Melissa does a lot of cold calling. 5. They __________________________________________________________ Answers
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To use the present simple tense in its negative form, we use the auxiliary verbs do not/don’t and does not/doesn’t . I You We They don't work . He She It doesn't work . When using the verb to be in its negative form, we can follow the pattern below: I am not here. You We They are not here. He She It Is not here. Here are some more examples:
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Present Simple Negative Practice Make the following sentences negative.
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  • Spring '19
  • a
  • Grammatical tense, Romance languages, Grammatical conjugation, Verbs by type

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