FinalExam_StudyGuide_Updated.docx - Zoology 110(Bronson...

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Zoology 110 (Bronson) Fall 2018 Study Guide: Final Exam Terms to Define Pedicellariae Madreporite Water Vascular System Aristotle’s Lantern Notochord Dorsal Hollow Nerve Cord Endostyle Gnathostome Operculum (vertebrate) Myomeres Oviparity Lecithotrophic Viviparity Matrotrophic Viviparity Oophagy Embryophagy Gas/Swim Bladder Pharyngeal jaws Teleost Amplexus Synapsid Diapsid Anapsid Parietal Eye (Pineal Foramen) Furcula Vomeronasal Organ Homodont Teeth Archosaur Heterodonty Echolocation Ethology Umwelt Convergent Evolution Speciation Habitat Ecological Niche Fundamental Niche Realized Niche Carrying Capacity Competitive Exclusion Character Displacement Niche Partitioning Keystone Predators Biodiversity Origination Extant Extirpation Mass Extinction Background Extinction Extinction Selectivity Habitat Fragmentation Ecological Footprint Bycatch Conservation Biology Invasive Species 1
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Concepts to Explain Echinoderms & Other Deuterostomes Phylogenetic relationships of Echinodermata + Hemichordata within Ambulacraria Characteristics of Deuterostomia: Cleavage type, Regulative vs. mosaic development, and the type of coelom formation Synapomorphies of Phylum Echinodermata The five classes within Echinodermata – their basic anatomy including feeding structures Structure and function of the sea star water vascular system Oral vs. aboral surface of a sea star, and general soft tissue anatomy Sea cucumber breathing & defense mechanism Introduction to Chordates The five synapomorphies of Phylum Chordata Symmetry and developmental characteristics of chordates, and the type of excretory, digestive, and circulatory system they possess Features of Subphylum Cephalochordata ( Amphioxus/Branchiostoma ) The nine synapomorphies of Subphylum Vertebrata Extinct Agnathans: Ostracoderms – basic features and when they went extinct Extinct Gnathostomes: Placoderms – basic features, when extinct, how they are different from ostracoderms Fishes Features of Class Myxini and Class Petromyzontida The five synapomorphies of Superclass Gnathostomata Features that define cartilaginous fishes (Class Chondrichthyes) Heterocercal vs. Homocercal vs. Diphycercal caudal fins Features of batoids vs. sharks (both within Subclass Elasmobranchii), vs. Subclass Holocephali Placoid vs. ganoid, ctenoid and cycloid scales – reduction of scale weight over time Ampullae of Lorenzini – shark perception of electric fields Features of Osteichthyes (bony fishes) Features of Class Actinopterygii, Infraclass Teleostei Features of Class Sarcopterygii Amphibians & Early Tetrapods Similarities between the fins of sarcopterygians and the limbs of early tetrapods The three living orders within Lissamphibia, and how to recognize them Amphibian reproduction: Structure and covering of their mesolecithal eggs Urodele (salamander) mating vs. anuran (frog) mating Features of Order Gymnophonia (caecilians) Features of Order Anura (frogs + toads) Examples of parental care for larvae (tadpoles) in Order Anura
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