Module2Review.pdf - Module 2 The Human Factors Review...

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Module 2: The Human Factors Review Summary of Module 2: Human factors involved in driving include psychological factors, fatigue, emotional distress, driving distractions and alcohol and drug use. Everyone needs some stress in their lives, however, it should be controlled and individuals should be aware of how they deal with stress. The body responds to stress with three stages: alarm, resistance and exhaustion. Four methods to address the onset of stress are physical activity, sharing your feeling of stress with someone, cooperation instead of confrontation and being aware of your limits. It is vitally important to calm yourself before driving a vehicle, this is the best deterrent of allowing stress to negatively influence driving behavior. Fatigue may cause a phenomenon known as “freeway or highway hypnosis” in which a driver becomes drowsy or unaware while driving. Driving while sleep deprived, driving alone and driving frequently are types of drivers that are at greater risk of having a motor vehicle crash. Truck drivers are one type of driver that are especially susceptible to fatigue-related crashes. To prevent fatigue from affecting your driving it is important to get a good night’s sleep, bring a passenger on trips so that he/she can share the driving responsibility, stop about every two hours and avoid alcohol and other drugs. Emotionally distressed drivers are at an increased risk of motor vehicle crashes because they are not concentrating on the driving task, but are concentrating on what has them upset.
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  • Spring '14
  • Alcoholic beverage, blood alcohol content, Alcohol law

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