Chapter 6.docx - Chapter 6 Learning to be human This...

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Chapter 6: Learning to be human This chapter focuses on concept of Junzi in Confucian tradition, how learning to be a human is a lifelong process. The greatest contribution Confucian made to the society was the commitment to human equality or equal opportunity. He regarded learning as a life long pursuit and he had the ability to recognize anyone as a teacher. He expressed his equality through the model of Junzi, an ideal which any one can achieve. Traditionally, Junzi means a man of high birth but Confucius used Junzi with a literal meaning of being a gentleman. Even though, they are talking about human equality, but Confucius only targeted the audience full of Junzi. Some feminist thinkers have adopted a translation of Junzi as an exemplary person rather than gentleman. Two defining qualities of a junzi by Confucius are: a) Education: A Junzi is educated in arts and literature, history and the rites. b) Character: A Junzi a junzi is conscientious, self-critical, and co-human. On this last quality, Confucius said a junzi has nine wishes: • that his vision be clear, • his listening sharp, • his appearance gentle, • his expression reverential; • he will be true to his word, • and conscientious in his affairs; • when in doubt, he will inquire; • when he loses his temper, he will regret it; • when he sees something he can attain, he will think first of what is right.
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