POLI 200 Week 11 (Development,Poverty, and Inequality).docx

POLI 200 Week 11 (Development,Poverty, and Inequality).docx...

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LECTURE #2 WEEK 11 (Development,Poverty, and Inequality) Development: What is development? Lots of disagreement… Development is not purely an economic phenomenon but rather a multi- dimensional process involving reorganization and reorientation of entire economic and social system. Development is a process of improving the quality of human lives. Three Objectives of Development: Raising people living levels (incomes and consumption, levels of food, medical services, education through relevant growth processes) Creating conditions conducive to the growth of people self-esteem through the establishment of social, political and economic systems and institutions that promote human dignity and respect. Increasing peoples freedom to choose by enlarging the range of their choice variables, (varieties of goods and services). Other views: Development as economic growth: commodity outputs. Development as modernization: social change. Development as distributive justice: improving basic needs. Marxist view of Development: mode of production Dependence view of development: underdevelopment of periphery is linked to development of centers. Sustainable Development Development should encompass: Help for the poorest who have no option but to destroy their environment to survive. Idea of self-reliant development with natural resource constraints. Cost effective development (different criteria) should not degrade environment. Important issues: Health control, appropriate technologies, food self- reliance, clean water and shelter for all. A couple of other debated issues: On the distinction between developed and underdeveloped (developing, Third world, etc.) On the standards and who sets them… On the desirability of development On the inevitability of development. Does Democracy lead to development?
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Why would development lead to democracy? With development, people have more access to resources and education, and they want to be more involved in politics. Why wouldnt it? Non-democracies that develop become more stable and less likely to democratize Modernization theory: Economic prosperity leads to emergence of prerequisites of democracy 2 versions of the causal link: Endogenous: first countries develop, then they become democratic.
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  • Fall '16
  • Manuel Balan
  • Democracy, Human Development Index

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