humanities exam study guide.docx

humanities exam study guide.docx - 1 This term identifies...

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1. This term identifies an upright stone slab decorated with relief carvings, frequently used as a grave marker. Stele 2. This Sumerian king who ruled Uruk about 2700 B. C. E. is also the subject of an epic story that predates the Iliad and the Odyssey . Gilgamesh 3. This is the Egyptian architect who designed the earliest pyramid as a tomb for the Pharaoh Zoser. Imhotep 4. This is a type of standing male statue, always shown nude. Kouros 5. This term identifies a sculptural technique in which figures are carved out of a block of stone, part of which is left to form a background. Relief 6. This Greek sculptor created Discobolus ( Discus Thrower ), an idealized portrayal of an athlete. Myron 7. This sculptor’s Aphrodite of Cyrene is considered one of the first attempts in Western art to introduce the elements of sensuality into the portrayal of the female form. Praxilteles 8. What are considered the Romans’ most important contributions to the classical style in architecture? The arch, the Dome, and Concrete 9. This culture first invented the system of so-called Arabic numerals in the late 3 rd century B.C.E.
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