ADULT-CARDIAC-STUDENT-PREP-15.docx - ADULT CARDIOLOGY STUDENT COPY Decreased Cardiac Output heart failure acute pulmonary edema cardiogenic shock

ADULT-CARDIAC-STUDENT-PREP-15.docx - ADULT CARDIOLOGY...

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ADULT CARDIOLOGY STUDENT COPY Decreased Cardiac Output heart failure, acute pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock KENNEDY15 1
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Hello N203: Welcome to adult cardiology! As I am sure you have heard this content is complex, but also alot of fun. In order to be successful in this content,It is necessary to draw upon and remember information from previous semesters. First, you must review and remember the anatomy & physiology of the heart independently, INCLUDING: chambers, valves, vasculature and normal blood routes. This information will not be re-taught. Please read and review to page 11 -completing all pre-tests and diagrams. This will act as a review. New content will begin on page 12 and will be Reviewed in powerpoint & classroom discussions. As all content is interactive, you will prepare for new content by completing the required 3 assignments starting on p. 55. Presentations will begin on day 3 adult cardiac. Please be prepared to present by that date. All written assignments are also due to be handed in on day 3. KENNEDY15 2
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If you have any questions or need clarification, please see me. Prof. Kennedy Name___________________________________________Date_______________ ADULT CARDIOLOGY QUIZ: IN THE BEGINNING: 1. The hearts is made up of ______________ chambers. 2. The ______________ side of the heart carries 02 rich blood. 3. The __________________________ layer of the heart is the thickest layer. 5. The amount of blood ejected from the ventricle with each heartbeat is called the _______________________________________. 6. The amount of blood pumped from the ventricles in one full minute is the ____________________. 7. The sympathetic nervous system _____________ the heart rate. Name 3 risk factors of the cardiovascular system and briefly state how they are risk factors: 8. ______________________________________________________________ 9. ______________________________________________________________ 10 ______________________________________________________________ 11. Tell how the following diagnostic tests are used in cardiology: CXR:_______________________________________________________________ EKG_______________________________________________________________ KENNEDY15 3
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Echocardiogram______________________________________________________ ADULT CARDIOLOGY QUIZ #1 ANSWER KEY 1. The hearts is made up of 4 chambers. 2. The left side of the heart carries 02 rich blood. 3. The myocardium layer of the heart is the thickest layer. 5. The amount of blood ejected from the ventricle with each heartbeat is called the stroke volume 6. The amount of blood pumped from the ventricles in one full minute is the cardiac output . 7. The sympathetic nervous system increases the heart rate. (the parasympathetic, vagus, slows the hr) Name 3 risk factors of the cardiovascular system and briefly state how they are risk factors: CARDIAC SYSTEM RISK FACTORS: 1. PHYSIOLOGICAL A. VALVE DEFECTS: normal valves function to maintain a unidirectional flow of blood through the cardiac chambers by passively opening and closing in response to variant pressure gradients B. CORONARY ARTERY DISORDERS: results when decreased blood flows causing inadequate delivery of 02 and nutrients to the myocardium C. RHEUMATIC FEVER: heart disease that affects valves D. DEVELOPMENTAL: cardiac anomalies – most involve the inappropriate communication of blood between chambers of KENNEDY15 4
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the heart and include cyanotic & acyanotic disorders E. MICROBIOLOGICAL: infective endocarditis acute type: normal heart valves are attacked by highly virulent organisms (staph aureous) causing severe damage Subacute infective endocarditis:
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