1 History of Research into Human Origins.pptx

1 History of Research into Human Origins.pptx - Archaeology...

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Archaeology 131 Dr. Christina Cheung
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‘Physical Anthropology’ or ‘Biological Anthropology’
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Physical/Biological Anthropology Anthropology Study of human biological evolution and human remains Cultural Anthropology Study of living cultures Archaeology Study of past cultures through their material culture that survives in the archaeological record Linguistics Study of languages
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Evolution of our physiology Strongly tied to the development and evolution of human culture
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Why Do Biological Anthropology?
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Why Do Biological Anthropology? Reconstructing our evolutionary history (the process of human evolution and the steps that occurred along that path) By understanding this evolutionary history, we will have a much more accurate understanding of the human condition
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What Happened before History? Human Origins
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The History of Human Origins Research Early Studies of the Distant Past
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The earliest scientists? The practicing of systematic investigation of the natural world was not restricted to bearded, white, European men. East and South Asia, Middle East, etc. Due to certain historical circumstances, scientific investigations that shape our current inquiry approach were carried out in Europe starting in the 16 th century.
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Pre-Scientific Frameworks
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Pre-Scientific Frameworks Prior to the Age of Enlightenment (early 1600s to late 1800s) Religious dogma and biblical framework Considered heretical to question the teaching of your church
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Irish Archbishop James Ussher (1581–1656) “The world began in 4004 BC, 23rd Oct, 9am.” 6022 years ago
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Fixity of Species
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Stratigraphy
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Feldhofer Cave, Germany, 1856 The original Neandertal
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