Midterm 2 INRE.docx - Patrycja Jerzak Prof Stephen Dyson TA...

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Patrycja Jerzak Prof. Stephen Dyson TA: Dabney Waring Introduction to International Relations 1402 11/16/2018 Consider the questions raised by international politics since the end of the Cold War, drawing upon the ideas of Mearsheimer, Fukuyama, Friedman, and Huntington, and chapter 5 of “Otherworldly Politics.” Are we in a period of increasing international homogenization or dissolution? Introduction All these four scholars have different theories about the world, if we are actually becoming more similar or we are becoming even more distant to each other. Fukuyama and Friedman are the two who are mostly positive about the future of our civilization. They believe that every state will soon become democratic and liberal, and that globalization is a wonderful phenomena making the world more connected to each other than ever before. However, on the other side we have Mearsheimer and Huntington that criticize the ideas of Fukayama and Friedman, because they are very naive, they believe. While Friedman and Fukuyama believe that the world is more connected since the Cold War, Mearsheimer thinks that the Cold War was a good thing for United States because now not only USA and Russia wants to be powerful, but more states will be wanting to attain more power. Huntington believes in his idea of “Clash of Civilizations,” which states that the world will always be in conflict because of the different cultures that different type of people live in. For him conflicts will never end, and saying that world after the Cold War will be more peaceful is not correct at all. This paper will discuss the different ideas of the different scholar and analyse who actually is mostly “right” and why looking at how the world looks right now. However, since it is impossible to define who is “right” this paper will analyze different perspectives of the theories and how different people might interpret them.
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Is the world becoming more homogenized? Both Francis Fukuyama and Thomas Friedman were are the two more positive and optimistic scholars about the world becoming more similar. Fukuyama is widely knows because of his theory about “The End of History.” What Fukuyama was saying is that after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the Soviet Union, the last enemy of Liberalism have been eliminated and from now on every state will become democratic and liberal. Fukuyama said that obviously conflicts would still occur, but history has reached its goal and liberalism is the final champion (Menand). Fukuyama also had a theory about human nature. “The History of human ideas is our struggle to find the best way to organize our political, economic, and social affairs. The driving
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  • Fall '08
  • UZONDU
  • Cold War, John Mearsheimer, Francis Fukuyama, Liberal democracy

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