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Running Head: CRITICAL REASONING AND THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD 1 Critical Reasoning and the Scientific Method Emily Cocking Hum 101-3 – Critical Reasoning Colorado State University – Global Campus John A. Battaglia January 24, 2019
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CRITICAL REASONING AND THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD 2 Critical Reasoning and the Scientific Method The scientific method and critical reasoning go hand in hand. The scientific method relies on critical thinking and critical reasoning. Critical thinking is defined by Lau & Chan (2017), as someone that is able to engage in reflective and independent thinking. The Scientific method is defined by Zamora (2019), as a process in which is created by models of the natural world that is verified experimentally. The Scientific Method relies on the ability to use critical thinking by using the ability to distinguish between beliefs that are logical from those that do not have adequate evidence or rational foundation. What is the Scientific Method? The scientific method is a process used for experimenting and exploring observations or answering questions. The scientific method begins with a question or a purpose. The next step is to conduct research in order to gain knowledge about the subject. Third, would be to develop a good hypothesis. A good hypothesis is an educated guess based on the knowledge that one has at the time, this educated guess must be understandable and testable. A basic hypothesis is something such as, If I do x then y will happen. After having a hypothesis, the next step would be to conduct an experiment having independent and dependent variables. During the experiment record the data and analyze it. The last step of the scientific method is to draw a conclusion based on the findings on whether the hypothesis can be accepted or rejected. Critical Thinking Skills Critical thinking skills include the ability to be analytical by asking questions that are thoughtful, analyzing data, questioning the evidence, recognizing difference and similarities in something, interpretation and information seeking. In order be good at critically thinking you
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