English Renaissance Notes.docx - ENGLISH...

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ENGLISH RENAISSANCE (1485-1616)PERCEPTION OF THE CHURCH Power of the church has led to corruption on many levels Martin Luthervi.Exposed practices, created sensations and protestors split off from Roman Catholic Church and went to the Protestant Church (German Monk)a)Religious conflict with Henry VIII and successor who each had different views 1)Leaders assassinated, writers imprisoned, and country endures a civil war in the quest of finding a true religion.MAIN MONARCHS DURING THE RENAISSANCEKing Henry VIIIiHad first remained loyal to Rome and Catholic ChurchaBecame obsessed with producing a male heir, but his first wife, Catherine, gave him a daughter, Maryii1534 and the Church of England of ProtestantaWhen the pope refused his divorce, he declared himself the head of the Church ofEngland of Protestant in 15341After this, divorces Catherine and married Anne Boleyn who could not produce a boy, instead produced daughter, Elizabeth. Was beheaded shortly after birth.iiiWent through 6 wives, all with the desire to produce a boyaHis third wife did produce a boy, Edward VI, who was very sickly1Was crowned at 9 years old but died at 15 years old.ivAfter Edward’s death, Mary took back the throne and returned Roman Catholicism aWas known was “Bloody Mary” because of all the executions she orderedQueen Elizabeth IiUnwanted daughter of Henry VII and Anne Boleyn but was one the ablest monarchs aDuring between 1558-1605 England enjoyed prosperity and prestige1Exercised absolute authority and remained sensitive to public opinionbKept England out of costly wars and encouraged oversea adventures (middle course in religion)iiCreates Roman Church of England that allowed Catholics and Protestants to mix iiiNever had kids or got married, since she was very serious about her job aDied in 1603 without producing an heir to the throne.
King James iElizabeth’s cousin from Scotland who took over since there were no heirs. Takes throne for 25 years from 1603-1628iiSupported Church of England that angered Catholics and Protestant extremists a

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