COMPREHENSIVE FINAL EXAM REVIEW.docx

COMPREHENSIVE FINAL EXAM REVIEW.docx - COMPREHENSIVE FINAL...

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COMPREHENSIVE FINAL EXAM REVIEW Ch. 15 Disorders 1. Define mental disorder: No clear cut definition. Psychopathology (mental illness) is often seen as a failure of adaptation to the environment. Failure analysis approach tries to understand mental illness by examining breakdowns in functioning. 2. DSM-5: Provides list of diagnostic criteria and a set of decision rules for each condition. Warns to "think organic" (rule out physical causes of symptoms first). Contains information on prevalence and adopts a biopsychosocial approach. 3. Criticisms of DSM-5: Condition marked by superficial charm, dishonesty, manipulativeness, self-centeredness, and risk taking, Overlaps with antisocial personality disorder, primarily males; about 25% of the prison population qualifies 4. Insanity: not a psychological disorder. 5. Most frequently diagnosed psychological disorder: Somatic symptom disorder: excessive anxiety about physical symptoms with a medical or psychological origin ; illness anxiety disorder: intense preoccupation with the possibility of a serious undiagnosed illness; Generalized anxiety disorder: feeling of worry, anxiety, physical tension and irritability ; Panic attacks: brief, intense episodes of extreme fear(sweating, dizziness, light headedness, racing heartbeat, feeling of impending death or going crazy); Panic disorder: repeating or unexpected attacks, concerns of future attacks or a change in behavior in attempt to avoid them; sweating, dizziness, light headedness, pounding heart, breathless, fear of going crazy or dying; Phobia: intense fear of objects or situations; Agoraphobia: fear of being in a situation where escape is difficult (panic attacks, public places); Social anxiety disorder: intense fear of negative evaluations in social situations, giving a speech, conversing with others; Posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD): emotional disturbance after experiencing a stressful event including rape, natural disasters and wartime combat; Obsessive compulsive disorder: repeated (1hr/day) immersion in obsession, compulsions or both 6. Review diagnostic categories and types: Depressive disorder: depressed mood or less interest in pleasure activities, weight loss and sleep difficulties; Bipolar disorder (manic depressive disorder) diagnosed when there is a history of at least one manic episode; Borderline personality disorder: instability in mood, identity, and impulse control; Psychopathic Personality disorder: superficial charm, dishonesty, manipulativeness, self-centeredness, and risk taking ; Depersonalization/Derealization disorder: multiple episodes of depersonalization, derealization or both (panic attacks) ; Dissociative Disorder: disruptions in ordinary seamless integration of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception; Dissociative amnesia: recall personal information- following stressful experience- that isn’t a result of ordinary forgetting; Dissociative fugue: subtype of dissociative amnesia, people not only forget events in lives but also flee their stressful circumstances ; Dissociative Identity disorder (DID): presence of two
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  • Fall '08
  • DAWSON
  • Psychology, Borderline personality disorder, Antisocial personality disorder

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