Notes.docx - Notes Early Modern period 1350-1800 Begins black Death or renaissance The Modern Connected to today\u2019s world Acceptance of the now and the

Notes.docx - Notes Early Modern period 1350-1800 Begins...

This preview shows page 1 - 6 out of 120 pages.

8/22/17 Notes Early Modern period 1350-1800 Begins: black Death or renaissance The Modern? Connected to today’s world Acceptance of the now and the new as good - Embraced by 18 th C, not 15 th C A Concept - Secularism, Nation states and capitalism Course of Class Renaissance “Discovery” of Americas Reformation Scientific Revolution Absolutism Enlightenment French Revolution Changes Religion Political Authority Vision of Globe View of humanity End Game Uniqueness of Past
Image of page 1
- “The past is a foreign country; they things differently there” Connections with today - The emergence of modern Europe Touchstone 8/24/17 Notes Petrarch was a poet who gave a bad rap to medieval Europe (gloomy, death, and dirty) Medieval Inheritance - 12 th C Golden Age - European Expansion Social Structure - 3 Orders o Those who Pray, Fight, or Work - Agricultural Society - Power in Land A Golden Age - Warming Trend: 900-1300 - 3 Crop Rotation - New Tools - New Foods - Little Disease - Population: Year 950 there is 25M, and in Year 1250 75M Medieval Renaissances - 12 th C Renaissance - Flourishing of Learning - Rediscover Aristotle - Courtly and Chivalrous Courts - Time of stability Notre Dame, 1163-1345 Salisbury, 1220- The First Reformation? - Innocent III (1198-1216) - More Church power
Image of page 2
- Professional clergy - Growing religious orders - Regulation of Society: Heresy - A Persecuting Society? Religious Expansion - Crusades - Spanish Reconquista - Monks go East o John of Plano Caprini: 1245 o William Rubruch: 1253 o John of Montecorvino: 1275 Commercial Expansion - Urbanization - More merchants - 1158 Hanseatic League - Northern Italy Center: Genoa and Venice Out of the East - Good Times= Luxury Goods - Silk, pater, porcelain, spices - Spices: food and medicine - Silk Road: 1000-1300 Marco Polo - Venetian Merchant Family - 1271-1295: to East - Mongol Official - 1298 Captured in Italy= The Travels (story of Marco Polo’s travels when in jail) - 1324 Dies Clouds Loom - Mongol Empire Fades - Rise of Islamic Powers - Trade Routes Blocked (Silk Road blocked) - Little Ice Age (temperatures beginning to drop) Contraction - Pressure on Land - Stop Crop Rotation (need all possible land to grow food) - Mono-culture: Wheat
Image of page 3
- Cold and Wet (not good for health or crops) Agrarian Crisis - 1315-1322 The Great Famine: o More Rain o Crop Failure o Kill Livestock o Prices Rise o 15% of Northern Europeans Die Origins of Plague - Native to Asia: Gobi desert - Downside to Trade - 1330s hit China, 1440 population drops 30% - 1346 Caffa - 1347 Hits Italy Understanding Plague - Yersina pestis: Bacterial Strain - Lives in fleas - Preconditions o Right weather o Right carriers The Plagues - Bubonic: 50-60% mortality - Pneumonic: 95-100% morality - Septicaemic: 100% mortality Plague’s Progress - Follow Trade Routes - Bother urban and rural Death in its Wake - 1347 o Ovieto 500 die per day o Venice: 60% Die, bodies piled on islands - 1348 o Half of Languedoc Dies o King of Castille Dies o Cuxham Manor: 4 Mangers Die
Image of page 4
o 3 Archbishops die Responding to the Plague - God’s Wrath o New churches and holy days o Flagellism o Scapegoats: pogroms (against Jewish population) - The Decameron (1352) (talks about stories that church and society was to blame for plague) o Critique of Authorities Impact of Plague -
Image of page 5
Image of page 6

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 120 pages?

  • Summer '07
  • Harkness
  • House of Medici

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture