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8/22/17 NotesEarly Modern period1350-1800Begins: black Death or renaissanceThe Modern?Connected to today’s worldAcceptance of the now and the new as good-Embraced by 18thC, not 15thCA Concept-Secularism, Nation states and capitalismCourse of ClassRenaissance“Discovery” of AmericasReformationScientific RevolutionAbsolutismEnlightenmentFrench RevolutionChangesReligionPolitical AuthorityVision of GlobeView of humanityEnd GameUniqueness of Past
-“The past is a foreign country; they things differently there”Connections with today-The emergence of modern EuropeTouchstone8/24/17 NotesPetrarch was a poet who gave a bad rap to medieval Europe (gloomy, death, and dirty)Medieval Inheritance-12thC Golden Age-European ExpansionSocial Structure-3 OrdersoThose who Pray, Fight, or Work-Agricultural Society-Power in LandA Golden Age-Warming Trend: 900-1300-3 Crop Rotation-New Tools-New Foods-Little Disease-Population: Year 950 there is 25M, and in Year 1250 75MMedieval Renaissances-12thC Renaissance-Flourishing of Learning-Rediscover Aristotle-Courtly and Chivalrous Courts-Time of stabilityNotre Dame, 1163-1345Salisbury, 1220-The First Reformation?-Innocent III (1198-1216)-More Church power
-Professional clergy-Growing religious orders-Regulation of Society: Heresy-A Persecuting Society?Religious Expansion-Crusades-Spanish Reconquista-Monks go EastoJohn of Plano Caprini: 1245oWilliam Rubruch: 1253oJohn of Montecorvino: 1275Commercial Expansion-Urbanization-More merchants-1158 Hanseatic League-Northern Italy Center: Genoa and VeniceOut of the East-Good Times= Luxury Goods-Silk, pater, porcelain, spices-Spices: food and medicine-Silk Road: 1000-1300Marco Polo-Venetian Merchant Family-1271-1295: to East-Mongol Official-1298 Captured in Italy= The Travels (story of Marco Polo’s travels when in jail)-1324 DiesClouds Loom-Mongol Empire Fades-Rise of Islamic Powers-Trade Routes Blocked (Silk Road blocked)-Little Ice Age (temperatures beginning to drop)Contraction-Pressure on Land-Stop Crop Rotation (need all possible land to grow food)-Mono-culture: Wheat
-Cold and Wet (not good for health or crops)Agrarian Crisis-1315-1322 The Great Famine:oMore RainoCrop FailureoKill LivestockoPrices Riseo15% of Northern Europeans DieOrigins of Plague-Native to Asia: Gobi desert-Downside to Trade-1330s hit China, 1440 population drops 30%-1346 Caffa-1347 Hits ItalyUnderstanding Plague-Yersina pestis: Bacterial Strain-Lives in fleas-PreconditionsoRight weatheroRight carriersThe Plagues-Bubonic: 50-60% mortality-Pneumonic: 95-100% morality-Septicaemic: 100% mortalityPlague’s Progress-Follow Trade Routes-Bother urban and ruralDeath in its Wake-1347oOvieto 500 die per dayoVenice: 60% Die, bodies piled on islands-1348oHalf of Languedoc DiesoKing of Castille DiesoCuxham Manor: 4 Mangers Die
o3 Archbishops dieResponding to the Plague-God’s WrathoNew churches and holy daysoFlagellismoScapegoats: pogroms (against Jewish population)-The Decameron(1352) (talks about stories that church and society was to blame for plague)oCritique of AuthoritiesImpact of Plague-