Micronutrients and Hypertension

Micronutrients and Hypertension - 1 Micronutrients and...

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Micronutrients and Hypertension 1. (2pts) What is hypertension, and why are we so concerned about it? Hypertension is having high blood pressure. (Higher than normal) Blood pressure is really  important to live, it pushes the blood through major arteries into smaller arteries and then into  tiny capillaries which allows for exchange of fluids with the blood. This blood pressure helps  with contractions of the heart to pump blood away from the heart. Having high blood pressure will put strain on the heart and blood vessels and can cause a heart attack and put pressure on  the heart and cause other diseases. 2. (3pts) Sodium intake is often implicated as a modifiable risk factor for  hypertension.  What does this mean? Use your text to help you list other risk factors for  hypertension, and for each tell if it is modifiable or not. This means that sodium is being consumed in large amounts to the point of when it is  excessive which can cause hypertension. When people have hypertension, they need to be  careful to not consume to much sodium because this can harm them. People who have  hypertension shouldn’t consume more than 1500 mg of sodium a day. Other risk factors that  is not modifiable is the increase in age, male gender and genetic inheritance. Risk factors that  can be modified is people with diabetes, people who smoke, obesity, and physical inactivity.  It is important to eat healthy and pay attention to what foods are being consumed. 3. (1pt) Where does the majority of sodium come from in the typical American diet? Salt is majority of sodium that comes from the typical American diet. Sodium is in a lot of  foods, like chips, meat like cold cuts, ham, burritos and pizza.
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