Copy of Bacterial binary fission.docx

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1. Read and annotate the article using the following: a. Major concepts highlighted yellow. b. Unfamiliar words highlighted blue. c. Areas of confusion highlighted pink. 2. Answer the questions and submit. Bacterial binary fission Bacterial binary fission is the process that bacteria use to carry out cell division. Learn the steps of binary fission, including copying the bacterial chromosome and forming a new cell wall. Introduction You may be familiar with mitosis, which is the process that eukaryotes (such as you, me, your dog, and your favorite houseplant) use to divide their nuclear DNA during cell division. However, mitosis is a complex process, a chromosomal "dance" with some fancy choreography. So, you might be wondering: How do simpler organisms, like bacteria, undergo cell division? The answer: binary fission! What is binary fission? Bacterial binary fission is the process that bacteria use to carry out cell division. Binary fission is similar in concept to the mitosis that happens in eukaryotic organisms (such as plants and animals), but its purpose is different. The word binary means “made of two parts” and the word fission means “separating”. When cells divide by mitosis in the body of a multicellular organism, they cause the organism to grow larger or replace old, worn-out cells with new ones. In the case of a bacterium, however, cell division isn’t
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just a means of making more cells for the body. Instead, it’s actually
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