Chapter 22 Section 1 - Scholarsu2019 Academy Jessica...

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Scholars’ AcademyJessica SpiteriDecember 12, 2017Global-2Chapter 22 Section 1: The Scientific RevolutionA.The Roots of Modern Science Prior to 1500: ancient Greek or Roman authors or the bible were looked at to find the answer to questionsi.Few European scholars actually did challenge the scientific ideas of ancient thinkers or the church by making their own observations I.The Medieval ViewMiddle Age Beliefs: earth was an immovable object located at the center of the universe and the moon, the sun, and the planets moved in circular paths around the earth 1.Called the geocentric theory which originally came from Aristotle but Ptolemy expanded the theory in the second century 2.Supported by common sense and Christianity as it taught that God had purposely placed earth at the center making it a special place in which life unfolded II.A New Way of ThinkingMid- 1500s: people began to challenge ancient views and they launched the Scientific Revolution as they came up with new theories 1.Scientific Revolution: new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observation and a willingness to question accepted beliefs When European explorers traveled to other lands during the Renaissance, they began to broaden their knowledge of the world and be open to the idea that they had more to learn1.Printing press helped spread ideas among European thinkersAge of Exploration led to the need for better instruments and measurements to determine location at sea1.Scientists began looking closer at the world around them and made observations that challenged previous beliefsB.A Revolutionary Model of the Universe A small group of scholars began questioning the geocentric theory marking an early challenge to accepted scientific beliefs I.The Heliocentric Theory Geocentric theory was not accurate in describing the movements of the sun, moon, and the planets 1.

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