WW2.docx - Introduction World War II in India Independence...

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Introduction World War II in IndiaIndependenceIndiaPakistan1971 War of Bangladesh IndependenceThe PresentIntroductionBritain too weak to hold onto colonies after WW2Defeat in Asia discredited British ruleHere is the first big case of decolonizationDemonstrates that effects of colonization deepWorld War II in IndiaGhandi campaignsLimited autonomy, 1935British viceroy declared war for India, 1939Did they consult Indian leaders?WW2 as conflict among imperialist oppressorsVarious factions – pro-Japanese, communistWorld War II in India: Quit India MovementChurchill unsympathetic toward Indian independence1942: Quit India MovementCongress leadership jailed1943: British bungle famine in BengalWW2 experience radicalizes Indian leadersIndependenceChurchill loses election, 1945British bankruptDebated on form India should takeJinnah: Lahore DeclarationoCalled for Pakistano

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