muslim empires.docx - Ottomans 1300-1922 \u25cf Sunni believe whoever is best qualified to be caliph(90 \u25cf Shia believe caliph should be blood related to

muslim empires.docx - Ottomans 1300-1922 ● Sunni believe...

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Unformatted text preview: Ottomans 1300-1922 ● Sunni- believe whoever is best qualified to be caliph (90%) ● Shia- believe caliph should be blood related to Muhammed (10%) 1243- Turkey is invaded by Mongol ● Turkish leader Osman I beings Ottoman Empire 1453- Mehmed II takes Constantinople ● End of the roman empire ● Begin of the Ottoman Empire 1400’s- Janissaries- christian slaves taken in by muslims ● Made into army, provided uniforms and gun Sultans ● Suleiman the Magnificent ○ Ruled 1520-1566 ○ Renamed Constantinople to Istanbul ○ Harem filled with Sultan's wives- bunch of rooms or houses in the palace ■ Has a bunch of sons ■ Whoever can prove themselves can become the next sultan no matter the age ○ Selim the Grim- Suleiman the Magnificent’s father ■ Killed a bunch of relatives and siblings to become the sultan ○ Selim the Sot- son of Suleiman the Magnificent ■ Is a alcoholic and a poet ■ Launches an invasion of the island of Cyprus (because it makes really good wine) ■ Europe forms the Holy League and has a big battle called the Battle of Lepanto ■ 30,000 people die and 90% of ships destroyed ■ Ended the Ottoman empire as a naval power ○ Ahmedi 1590-1617- son of Selim the Sot ■ Cannot killed Mustafa 1591-1617, a mentally handicapped brother ● Locks him a room for 14 years ● Room known as “the cage” ■ Ahmedi dies without sons, Mustafa is next in line for sultan ● Only in power for three months ● He’s too nutty ● Put him back in the cage ○ Osman II ■ Only 13 years old ■ An absolute nutjob ■ Was gonna rob the kingdom ● killed 6 officers ● More officers killed him ○ Decline in power of the Ottoman Empire by ■ Inept Sultans ■ Europe ● Trading with America, India, China instead of going through the Ottomans ■ Ayans- nobles in Ottoman Empire ● Not paying taxes because Sultans are weak ■ Coffee is invented ● “Alcohol” of Islam ○ 1807- War against Great Britain ■ Britain is beating them ■ Ottomans fire giant piles of rocks with big guns ■ British turn around because it knocks big holes in their ships ○ Mahmud II 1789-1839 ■ Updates the Ottoman empires ● Brings in military, universities, post offices ● 1838- builds port to bring trade in for Britain ○ 1908- Young Turks- killed the sultan Safavids 1500-1736 ● Founded in 1500’s in modern day Iran ● Rulers are Shia muslims ● Haven where Shia muslims can reside safely ● Empire peaks around 1587 by a guy names Abbas the Great ● Abbas the Great has a bunch of children ○ Blinds or kills all of them except one (the weakest one) ○ Blind kids revolt against Abbas ○ Civil war breaks out ○ It’s weird because no one can see Mughals 1526-1857 ● Founder- Babur (descendant of Genghis Khan) ● Decided to invade and take over India ○ Battle of Panipat ■ Guns and gunpowder ■ Outnumbered ■ War elephants (1,000) ■ Babur spooks the elephants with guns, elephants turn around and trample Indians ■ Babur was victorious, goes to conquer Delhi ○ 20% Muslims ○ 80% Hindu ○ Head tax creates oodles of MONEYYY ● Akbar 1542-1605 ○ 13 years old ○ Very very rich ■ Abolishes head tax because of all of the moneeyyy ■ Starts own religion called Divine Faith ● ● ● Mix of muslim, hinduism, and a little buddhism Taj Mahal- built by one of Akbar’s son for his wife, represents blending of cultures 1857-1947 British East India Company comes in and rules India ...
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