Psych Notes April 18

Psych Notes April 18 - Psych Notes April 18, 2007...

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Psych Notes April 18, 2007 Attribution Definition Internal vs. external Bias Fundamental attribution error Actors and observers Defensive attributions Self-serving bias Above average effect Defensive attributions - If the cause of the bad event is the result of someone else’s behavior (external attribution), then because you don’t share that behavior, that terrible event is less likely to occur. Self-Serving Bias - People tend to make internal attributions about good things that happen to you o When you do well on a test, you tend to credit yourself for being intelligent and capable of excelling. You are not likely to say “I got lucky, it was a fluke” Above Average effect - Asked to evaluate yourself on a scale of 1 to 10. 1 is the worst, 5 is average, 10 is amazing. Based on personality traits or characteristics: intelligence, outgoing, athletic ability, etc etc o People won’t evaluate themselves with 10 or 1, the mean score of a group will most likely be above average. o People tend to over evaluate their own skills Looking at people in intimate relationships, that have been going on for awhile. - There is a couple, sometimes they have bad experiences together, sometimes they have good experiences o What kind of attributions do the couples make about the good/bad times? o Find some way to characterize couples as happy couples and unhappy couples Unhappy couples tend to make internal attributions about the other member of the couple for the bad things. Unhappy couples tend to make external attributions about the other member of the couple for the good things. Something about the environment allowed us to have a good time, not something that the other person did. o Happy couples do the opposite
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Happy couples tend to make external attributions for the bad things. Bad situation that led to us behaving in an inappropriate manner Happy couples tend to make internal attributions for the good things. Each member believes the other person is a good person
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Psych Notes April 18 - Psych Notes April 18, 2007...

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