Psych Notes April 23

Psych Notes April 23 - 0121g Hornbake 10 a.m. May 9th Next...

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0121g Hornbake 10 a.m. May 9 th Next Test: All of Social Psychologhy Personality: Freud Psychoanalytic theory Personality structure Id Ego Superego Levels of awareness Conscious Preconscious Unconscious Sex and aggression Anxiety and defense mechanisms Psychosexual stages General Oral stage Anal stage Phallic stage Latent stage Genital Evaluation - Personality is a hypothetical construct - We infer personality from behavior - A set of consistent traits distinctive to a person - We use personality to explain consistency and distinctiveness o Consistency of an individual’s behavior across a range of behaviors o Distinctiveness across a range of behaviors over the same situation Freud - an example of a psychoanalytic theory o it attempts to explain personality, motivation and mental disorder as a result of early childhood experiences, unconscious motives and conflicts and how people cope with aggression and sexual urges - one of the most influential thinkers of the late 19 th century and 20 th century o pretty much Darwin and Freud most influential theorists - People take Freud’s theory as an uncontested truth, that what happens to children in their first years of life are very important - He propose that we have a personality structure that his theory is based on - Behavior an personality is going to come about as a result of an interaction between this structure
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o Id Primitive, instinctual component of personality. Primary, biological urges. Urges to eat, sleep, have sex The id operates according to the pleasure principle The pleasure principle demands immediate gratification. “I want (sex, food, sleep) right now.” Primary process thinking Illogical, irrational and fantasy oriented Not only do I want to (eat, sex, sleep) right now, but I should, there is no reason I wouldn’t be able to. o Ego The ego keeps the id under control Decision making component of the personality Measures immediate gratification versus socially acceptable behavior The reality principle Social norms, accepted behavior at the account of practical behavior Secondary process thinking
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2008 for the course PSYC 111 taught by Professor Murnane during the Spring '07 term at Maryland.

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Psych Notes April 23 - 0121g Hornbake 10 a.m. May 9th Next...

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