URWICK Z THEORY, BTAP GROUP WORK.docx

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Running Head: URWICK’S THEORY Z 1 TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF MOMBASA PRINCIPLE OF INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT URWICK’S THEORY Z GROUP II ALEX SAGINI- BTAP/095J/2016 DAVID OCHIENG OKETCH- BTAP/076J/2016 NELSON KIPKURUI- BTAP/100J/2016 OTIA JOHN KIMUNGUI- BTAP/071J/2016 THUKU JESSE CHEGE- BTAP/056J/2016 FREDRICK FUNDI MUTHEE- BTAP/061J/2016 MARTIN MURIUKI KIRIMI- BTAP/068J/2016 AURA A. LORAINE- BTAP/083J/2016 SAMUEL MBURU WAMBUI- BTAP/075J/2016 JAMES KIRAGU WANYEKI- BTAP/078J/2016 MARTIN MAHASI OGOLI- BTAP/054J/2016 IRUNGU ALEX KINYUA- BTAP/052J/2016 QUINTER KAVAYA ZIMBO- BTAP/083J/2016
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URWICK’S THEORY Z 2 URWICK’S Z THEORY William Ouchi developed Theory Z after making a comparative study of Japanese and American management practices. Theory Z is an integrated model of motivation. Theory Z suggests that large complex organisations are human systems and their effectiveness depends on the quality of humanism used. A type Z organisation has three major features—trust, subtlety and intimacy. Theory Z expounds a management style blending Japanese and US organisational values. Developed by William Ouchi, it emphasizes a strong company philosophy, a distinct corporate culture, long-range development and employment, consensual decision-making, and moderately specialized career paths. Mutual trust between members of an organisation reduces conflict and leads to team work. Subtlety requires sensitivity towards others and yields higher productivity. Intimacy implies concern, support and disciplined unselfishness (Daft, 2009) . The distinguishing features of Theory Z are as follows: 1. Mutual Trust: According of Ouchi, trust, integrity and openness are essential ingredients of an effective organisation. When trust and openness exist between employees, work groups, union and management, conflict is reduced to the minimum and employees cooperate fully to achieve the organization’s objectives.
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