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Study Guide History 105 Test 2

Study Guide History 105 Test 2 - Study Guide History 105...

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Study Guide History 105 Test 2 Enlightenment – An Intellectual movement stressing the importance of reason and the existence of discoverable natural laws. Jonathan Edwards – a puritan minister whose primary focus was the younger less wealthy generation who had difficulties competing with more wealthy land owners in church. George Whitfield – He was an evangelical Angelican minister from England, who in 1738, made the first several tours of the colonies. By all account his preaching had a powerful affect. Start of the French and Indian War – The French and Indian War – The Great War for Empire. This war started in the colonies in 1754 and moved out. This had the potential to escalate into a world war. George Washington was ultimately responsible to starting the French and Indian War. He got involved in a skirmish with the French. “A shot fired by a Virginian lit the world on fire” Proclamation of 1763 – A royal proclamation issued by the king that all land west of the Appalachians was deemed Indian country and needed the approval of purchase by the king himself. Saratoga – Fort Ticonderoga fell to Burgoyne, on July 6, but by August the general found himself bogged down and harassed by Patriot militias in the rough country south of Lake George. After several defeats by Americans, he retreated to Saratoga and eventually surrendered his army of over 6000 men. It was the biggest British defeat besides Yorktown. It was then the Europeans realized that America had a chance of winning the revolution. Queen Anne’s War – Great Britain fights France and Spain in the Caribbean and on the northern frontier of New France. Also known as War of the Spanish Succession. The French and their allies, the Algonquian Indians drug women men and children into Canada. King William’s War – France and England battle on the northern Frontiers of New England and New York Intolerable Acts – Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) Aimed at punishing Boston 1. Port of Boston Act – Boston could not trade until the tea was paid for 2. Massachusetts Government Act – Thomas Gage was put in charge of the British military to control Boston – Boston could not meet for meetings. 3. Act for the Impartial Administration of Justice
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4. Quartering Act (all the colonies) – British is readying to go to war if necessary. All of these Acts have the opposite effect to the colonies Britain wanted. The colonies instead saw what was happening to Massachusetts and decided to help resist Pontiac’s Rebellion – First Continental Congress – First Continental Congress Drawing by Ben Franklin September 17, 1774 – Join or Die Edward Braddock – The English commander Edward Braddock was a very accomplished general in Europe. He had no battle experience in the colonies and sucked at his job. He did not know how to handle the terrain, the Indians or any aspect to gain control. Braddock chose to ignore the Indians asking him openly why they should fight for England. Quebec –
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Study Guide History 105 Test 2 - Study Guide History 105...

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