Stylistic Devices: 1.Alliteration: When a number of words having the same first consonant sound occur closetogether in a series.Example – Fatal Foes. Function: It makes reading attractive and appealing. 2.Assonance: When two or more words close together repeat the same vowel sound butstart with different consonant sounds. E.g.: Wedding bells.Function: It enhances the pleasure of reading by creating a musical mood in the readersmind3.Allusion: is a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical,cultural, literary or political significance. It does not describe the person or thing indetail and presupposes the reader’s knowledge on the referred subject. Function: It helps writers simplify complex ideas and emotions by inviting thereader to use his shared knowledge and thereby makes sense of a new idea. 4.Analogy: is a comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing whichis quite different from it. It aims at explaining an idea by comparing it too somethingthat is familiar.E.g.: Structure of an atom is like a solar system. Nucleus is the sun and the electronsare the planets revolving around the sun. Function: Writers use analogies to link an unfamiliar or a new idea with commonand familiar objects. It is easier for readers to comprehend a new idea, which, mayhave been difficult to comprehend otherwise. Analogies also stimulate readers’interest as analogies help them relate new concepts to what they know in their lives. 5.Anaphora: in writing or in speech, the deliberate repetition of the first part of thesentence in order to achieve an artistic effect. E.g.: “I have a dream” by Martin Luther King Jr. FUNCTION:Gives prominence to ideasAdds rhythm to sentencesMakes it more pleasurable to the reader and easier to rememberAs a rhetorical device, it appeals to the emotions of the audience in terms ofpersuading, inspiring, motivating and encouraging them.
6.Anecdote: is a short and interesting story or an amusing event often intended to supportor demonstrate a point or simply to arrest the attention of the reader.FUNCTION:Amusing; makes audience laugh or brood over the topic presented. Discloses a truth in a general way. gives the reader a better understanding of the characterMay also serve as a caution7.Antagonist: is the opposite of the protagonist or is a character that stands in theopposition to the protagonist or the main character.FUNCTION:Heightens the element of conflict in a plot8.Antithesis: A rhetorical device in which two opposites are put together to achieve acontrasting effect. It emphasizes the idea of contrast by parallel structures of thecontrasting phrases or clauses.E.g.: Setting foot on the moon maybe a small step for a man but a giant step formankindFUNCTION: Conveys meaning more vividly than ordinary speech because whencontrasting ideas are brought together, the idea is expressed moreemphatically.