Stylistic Devices.docx - Stylistic Devices 1 Alliteration When a number of words havi ng the same first consonant sound occur close together in a series

Stylistic Devices.docx - Stylistic Devices 1 Alliteration...

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Stylistic Devices: 1. Alliteration: When a number of words havi ng the same first consonant sound occur close together in a series. Example – Fatal Foes. Function: It makes reading attractive and appealing. 2. Assonance: When two or more words close together repeat the same vowel sound but start with different consonant sounds. E.g.: We dding be lls. Function: It enhances the pleasure of reading by creating a musical mood in the readers mind 3. Allusion: is a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. It does not describe the person or thing in detail and presupposes the reader’s knowledge on the referred subject. Function: It helps writers simplify complex ideas and emotions by inviting the reader to use his shared knowledge and thereby makes sense of a new idea. 4. Analogy: is a comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing which is quite different from it. It aims at explaining an idea by comparing it too something that is familiar. E.g.: Structure of an atom is like a solar system. Nucleus is the sun and the electrons are the planets revolving around the sun. Function: Writers use analogies to link an unfamiliar or a new idea with common and familiar objects. It is easier for readers to comprehend a new idea, which, may have been difficult to comprehend otherwise. Analogies also stimulate readers’ interest as analogies help them relate new concepts to what they know in their lives. 5. Anaphora: in writing or in speech, the deliberate repetition of the first part of the sentence in order to achieve an artistic effect. E.g.: “I have a dream” by Martin Luther King Jr. FUNCTION: Gives prominence to ideas Adds rhythm to sentences Makes it more pleasurable to the reader and easier to remember As a rhetorical device, it appeals to the emotions of the audience in terms of persuading, inspiring, motivating and encouraging them.
6. Anecdote: is a short and interesting story or an amusing event often intended to support or demonstrate a point or simply to arrest the attention of the reader. FUNCTION: Amusing; makes audience laugh or brood over the topic presented. Discloses a truth in a general way. gives the reader a better understanding of the character May also serve as a caution 7. Antagonist: is the opposite of the protagonist or is a character that stands in the opposition to the protagonist or the main character. FUNCTION: Heightens the element of conflict in a plot 8. Antithesis: A rhetorical device in which two opposites are put together to achieve a contrasting effect. It emphasizes the idea of contrast by parallel structures of the contrasting phrases or clauses. E.g.: Setting foot on the moon maybe a small step for a man but a giant step for mankind FUNCTION: Conveys meaning more vividly than ordinary speech because when contrasting ideas are brought together, the idea is expressed more emphatically.

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