Final Paper History 206.docx

Final Paper History 206.docx - Running head NATIVE AMERICAN...

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Running head: NATIVE AMERICAN CHANGE 1 Native American Change Jason L. Besmer HIS 206: United States History II Kathryn Johnson 7/17/2017
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NATIVE AMERICAN CHANGE 2 Change can be good or bad. Native Americans have gone through tough time throughout history, but a few Acts tried to assist them for the better. The Dawes Act, The Indian Reorganization Act, The Indian Civil Rights Act, and The American Indian Religious Freedom Act are just a few that the United States Government put into law to assist Native Americans, so that they could lead a better life. Settlement into the West cause major tensions between Native Americans. Barnes and Bowles (2014) said “Despite major cession of tribal lands and multiple treaties guaranteeing their landholding, pressure from White settlers prompted the federal government to renegotiate agreements and sometimes to take Native American lands by force” (section 1.3). This was a final push to gain the desirable land and try to push White culture onto the Native Americans. One policy that the government used to accomplish that was the use of reservations. It isolated and made it easier to control the Native Americans. Most did not accept the polices and there was continual fighting. “While the military clashed with tribes in the Southwest and on the Great Plains, some ref ormers sought another path to appease NativeAmerican hostility and better integrate them into U.S. society. In an early push toward Americanization that would later characterize p oliciesaimed at European immigrants, Congress passed the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887” (Barns & Bowles, 2014, section 1.3). The Dawes Act of 1887 took force on February 8, 1887. The Dawes Act was, "An Act to Provide for the Allotment of Lands in Severalty to Indians on the Various Reservations," known as the Dawes Act, emphasized severalty, the treatment of Native Americans as individuals rather than as members of tribes,” (NADP Document A1887). “This new policy focused specifically on breaking up reservations by granting land allotments to individual Native Americans” (NADP
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NATIVE AMERICAN CHANGE 3 Document A1887). This was another change that the government thought would better the
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  • Winter '16
  • Native Americans in the United States

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