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Unformatted text preview: A1: Psychology’s Timeline and Perspectives (Module 1; 12th edition) Spring 2019 Name: Alexi Markgraf Module 1: The Story of Psychology The following activities are intended to assist you in meeting these objectives. Please record your answer on this document, and identify your answer by using a DIFFERENT FONT or Color, or BOLDING your answers to help them stand out. Thank you! I. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Psychological Science is Born The first psychology laboratory was founded in the year ___1879_by __Wilhelm wundt__________________. The early school of thought, known as ____Structuralism______ , used introspection to reveal the structure of the human mind. This view was promoted by ___wundt and Titchener______________. Another early school of thought promoted by ____James_______ explored how mental and behavioral processes function; that is, how they enable organisms to adapt, survive, and flourish. An important memory researcher and first female president of the American psychological Association (APA) was _____Mary Whiton Calkins____________________. The first woman to receive a Ph.D. in psychology was __Margaret Floy Washburn_________________________. In a few sentences each, describe the following major philosophical views in psychology: Behaviorism: This is defined as something that you cannot observe such as sensation, feeling or throught. This is what you can observe from a record of a persons behivor Freudian psychology: This is described as the ways that our unconscious mind and childhood expirences affect our behivor. Humanistic psychology: This is described as the focus of love and acceptance as well as our enviroments. II. Psychology’s Current Perspectives (p.12-14) 1. Psychologists who study how the body and brain create emotions, memories, and sensory experiences are working within the ____Neuroscience_____________ perspective. 2. Psychologists who study how natural selection influences behavior tendencies are working within the ______Evolutionary_________________ perspective, whereas those concerned with the relative influences of genes and environment on individual differences are working within the _______ ______Behavioral_____________ perspective. 3. Psychologists who believe that behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts are working from the ____ Psychodynamic __________ perspective. 4. Psychologists who study the mechanisms by which observable responses are learned are working within the ________Behavioral_______ perspective. 5. The __________Cognitive_______________ perspective explores how our minds process, store, and retrieve information. 6. Psychologists who study how thinking and behavior vary in different situations are working within the ______Social-cultural________ perspective. Page 1 of 6 A1: Psychology’s Timeline and Perspectives (Module 1; 12th edition) Spring 2019 7. Psychologists may be involved in conducting _____________Applied research_______________, which builds psychology’s knowledge base, or ________________Basic research______________, which seeks solutions to practical problems. 8. Psychologists who study, assess, and treat people with mental, emotional, and behavior disorders are called _____Clinical psychologist______________. 9. Medical doctors licensed to prescribe drugs and treat physical causes of psychological disorders are called _______Psychiatrist_____________________. Multiple-Choice Questions (Progress Test) – you can BOLD your choice, highlight it, etc. 1. In its earliest days, psychology was defined as the: a. science of mental life b. study of conscious and unconscious activity. c. science of observable behavior. d. science of behavior and mental processes. e. 2. Today, psychology is defined as the: a. science of mental life b. study of conscious and unconscious activity. c. science of observable behavior. d. science of behavior and mental processes. e. 3. Who wrote an important 1890 textbook for the emerging field of psychology? a. Wilhelm Wundt c. William James b. Sigmund Freud d. Ivan Pavlov e. 4. Debates as to whether alcohol abuse is biologically determined or culturally influenced are most relevant to the issue of : a. Nature and Nurture c. Behavior and Mental Processes b. Observation and Introspection d. Neuroscience e. 5. Which of the following exemplifies the issue of the relative importance of nature and nurture on our behavior? a. The issue of the relative influence of biology and experience on behavior. b. The issue of the relative influence of rewards and punishments on behavior. c. The debate as to the relative importance of heredity and instinct in determining behavior. d. The debate as to whether mental processes are a legitimate area of scientific study. f. 6. A psychologist who explores how Asian and North American definitions of attractiveness differ is working within the ____ perspective. a. Behavioral b. Evolutionary c. Cognitive d. Social-cultural g. 7. Understanding why the fear of darkness may have contributed to the survival of our human ancestors is most relevant to the ________ perspective. h. a. Behavioral b. Cognitive c. Evolutionary d. Psychodynamic i. j. k. 8. Professor Thurstone investigates whether a teacher’s negative perceptions of some students can affect the students’ test scores. Professor Thurstone is most likely a _____ psychologist. l. a. Clinical b. Social c. Behavioral d. Industrial/Organizational m. Page 2 of 6 A1: Psychology’s Timeline and Perspectives (Module 1; 12th edition) Spring 2019 n. 9. Professor helms conducts basic research on the progressive changes in infant’s perceptual skills during the first years of life. Professor Helms is most likely a _______ psychologist. o. a. Personality b. Social c. Clinical d. Developmental Page 3 of 6 A1: Introduction to Psychology p. Psychology’s Current Perspectives q. r. s. t. NOTE TO STUDENTS: I have set up a Wiki for you to collaborate with classmates on this section of the assignment, since I’ve found that this is the most challenging part of this assignment for many students. HOWEVER, YOU MUST STILL COMPLETE THIS PORTION OF THE ASSIGNMENT TO RECEIVE CREDIT FOR THIS SECTION. Explain how researchers working from each of psychology’s major theoretical perspectives (presented in Table 1.1 of your textbook) might investigate an emotion such as LOVE. (HINT: Use the example on pp 12-13 of your textbook (12th edition) as a model for your answers. The author has modeled this activity using ANGER as the example. All you need to do is to make minor modifications to change the studied emotion from ANGER into LOVE in your answer.) u. v. For each perspective listed below, (a) provide a brief explanation of its primary focus, then (b) a description of how this perspective would approach the study of Love. w. x. Theoret z. Brief explanation of its aa. Application to the ical focus study of Love Perspe ctive y. ab. Neuros ac. This is how the body and ad. This would be cience brain enable emotions, someone working memories and sensory with a group of experiences. people and understanding what their brain is doing when they are gaining emotions towards the other people. ae. Evoluti af. This is the natural selection ag. Did love for onary of traits that has promoted others help us the survival of genes grow in numbers? ah. Behavi ai. This is how our genes or aj. See how one or our environments person differs Geneti influences our differences from the other cs with ourselves. depending on their genes. ak. Psych al. This is how our behavior am. This would be odyna comes from unconscious studying how you mic and drives and conflicts were loved as a child and compare them with the experiences you have now with love. an. Behavi ao. This is how we learn ap. Look at how we oral observable responses interact with our loved ones through hugging, kissing and other actions. aq. Cogniti ar. This is how we encode, as. Looking at how Page 4 of 6 A1: Introduction to Psychology ve at. SocialCultur al process, store as well as retrieve information au. This is how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures we were treating before will be kept with us and can effect our relationships in the future. av. Looking at different cultures and how they express love. aw. ax. ay. Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis az. ba. You should be able to make the connection between the biopsychosocial model to the current perspectives in psychology listed above. Provide a definition and examples of each level of analysis below AND identify the perspectives (from the list above) that focus on that level in their primary explanation of human behavior. bb. bc. Lev bd. Description/Examples bf. Perspectives (from el be. (use your textbook) the list above) that of focus on this level An bg. aly sis bh. BI bi. Family members, mother, bj. Evolutionary, OL father, ansisters neuroscience, OG behavior genetics ICA L bk. PS bl. Unconsis self, fears, behivors bm. Psychodynamic, YC Behavioral, HO Congitive LO GI CA L bn. SO bo. This is thinking due to various bp. Social cultural, CIA situations/culture behavior genetics L bq. br. Read the section titled, “Use Psychology to Become a Stronger Person – and a Better Student” (pp. 17-18), and provide a brief definition or description of each, and list at least one way you can incorporate each into your own study strategies. bs. bt. bu. Description bw. The Testing Effect bx. This enhances memory by testing yourself. bz. Adopt the SQ3R approach ca. Survey, questions, read, Page 5 of 6 bv. How you can personally adopt this strategy for your own use by. Testing yourself the same questions from time to time. cb. Do all these steps to help A1: Introduction to Psychology retrieve and review. cc. Distribute your study time cd. Space out what you are studying cf. Learn to think critically cg. Look deeper into the question ci. Participate actively in class cj. Ask questions in class and write things down. cl. Overlearn the cm.If you look more into the information rather then skimming through the textbook, you are more likely to learn the material. material learn and better understand material. ce. Study over a time period rather then all in one day. ch. Rather then just read the material. Look over it and think more in depth about the material. ck. Listen to the online videos after reading the text book, write down the information as discuss in the discussion board. cn. Read and understand the textbook rather then memorize what is being taught to me. co. cp. You will find more evidence-based suggestions for effective studying in the Time Management section found in the very beginning of your textbook. Page 6 of 6 ...
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  • Fall '17
  • Psychology, p. Psychology’s Current Perspectives, c. Behavior and Mental Processes

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