Untitled document - Civics Questions for 1 What is the...

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Civics Questions for March 13, 2017 1. What is the difference between a civil and criminal case? Civil cases involve conflicts between people or institutions such as businesses. A civil case starts with a person or organization that depicts that there is a problem that can not be solved without the help from the law and courts. In a civil case, a person ( can be more than one person) or an organization will start the lawsuit by filing a complaint in court. Criminal cases is cases that enforces public codes of behavior as embodied in the laws. The government will persecute the person or company. In criminal cases, the government bring charges against the person that conducted the crime. Some types of civil cases related to divorces and related lawsuits (child support and custody), contracts, tort (personal injury), and auto collision. Criminal cases involve DUI, robbery, trafficking, and etc. 2. What is "settling" in regards to a trial? What type of trial can be settled? Most civil cases are settled by mutual agreement between the parties. A dispute can be settled before a suit is filed. Once a suit is filed, it can be settled before the trial begins, during the trial, while the jury is deliberating, or even after a verdict is rendered. A settlement does not usually state that anyone was right or wrong in the case, nor does it have to settle the whole case. Part of a dispute can be settled with the remaining issues left to be resolved by the judge or jury. Criminal cases are not settled by the parties in the same way like civil cases. 3. In a criminal case, a defendant can do something prior to the trial to lessen their sentence at times. What is this called? What does it require?
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