2 12 08 - Exam 2 Lecture questions Ch. 4: 7 questions Ch....

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Exam 2 Lecture questions Ch. 4: 7 questions Ch. 5: 7 questions Pgs 308-312: 3 questions 1. Size (Georg Simmel, 1880s) Dyads (2) group interaction terminates if one member leaves o Both groups consciously try not to alienate the other in fear of driving them away o Ex: husband and wife Triads (3+) alliances and group think possible o Groups do not act cautiously; 2 can form an alliance against 1 o Ex: Mother, Father, child; mother bonds w/ child and isolates the father As size of group increases o Intimacy among members decreases o Anonymity among members increases Ex: social loafing People usually work less hard in groups than they do as individually o Intensity of interaction decreases 2. In-Group vs. Out-Group “Us” vs. “Them” “We” vs. They” Groups gain and maintain cohesion and morale through conflict with other groups o Incoming threats increase motivation o Ex: U.S.-Soviet Relations in the Cold War, athletic competitions, etc. o Racism as a strategy used by some employers to avoid unionism Used by management in the textile industry to create a divide and conquer strategy 3. Membership Group vs. Reference Group +/- Reference Groups o + is the group the is being imitated/looked up to o – is the group you want to be completely different from o Ex: Boy Scouts vs. Aryan Brotherhood 4. Primary vs. Secondary Group (*most important distinction*) Small – Large Face-to-Face – Indirect (e.g. memo) Intimate – Impersonal Enduring – Short Lived
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Diffuse – Specific Best Primary Example: immediate family Best Secondary example: Bureaucracy Immediate family ----------------------------------------------------------------large bureaucracy ^ ^ ^ Voluntary Association Organizations Voluntary Association Organizations: people engage in these groups for intimacy/companionship. Ex: Clique – the primary group within the secondary group of bureaucracy; they make the impersonal atmosphere bearable Ex: Marriage goes south husband buys a pet and joins pet clubs Why people join these organizations (like the Cryonics Society) o 1. To help achieve the organization’s goal o 2. Comradery o 3. Status and prestige Over 90% of work is conducted in a bureaucratic form of organization You are what you do. Bureaucracy
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2008 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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2 12 08 - Exam 2 Lecture questions Ch. 4: 7 questions Ch....

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