db 3 busi 646 summer copy.docx

db 3 busi 646 summer copy.docx - Good day Seunghoon Once...

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Unformatted text preview: Good day Seunghoon. Once again, a technically beautiful paper, although I believe it starts off with some fallacies, has some strong facts and figures, and then presents a couple more fallacies or factual errors depending on how one perceives them. And I must profess, I am absolutely lost when it comes to your biblical integration. So, I love the technical aspects of your paper. The glitz and glam of the facts and figures, Mercosur’s 2014 GDP of $3 trillion, Mercosur accounting for about 62% of the total land area of South America. These are the things I love most about your paper, and probably where I find a glaring weakness, no citation. I think I would still cite where those numbers came from, even if it didn’t “meet” the requirements for a scholarly source. But now let’s talk about the weaknesses in your paper. “The most fundamental difference between the Mercosur and the Andean Community of Nations is that they do not share the same membership between the two communities” (Han, 2018) No further citation and not currently supported. This information was false even at the time our textbook went to print, why our text made no mention of it, I don’t know but on 16 April 1998 the Andean Community of Nations and Mercosur signed a framework agreement for the creation of a Free Trade Zone, which became effective January 1, 2000 (Tafur-Dominguez, 2000, p.286). This has led to each FTA being Associate Members in the other FTA, that is to say, members of the Andean Community of Nations are now Associate Members of Mercosur and Mercosur members are now Associate Members of the Andean Community of Nations. Bolivia is currently awaiting finalization to become the first full member of both FTAs. Next you state “Unlike the Andean Community of Nations, Mercosur is also internationally active in its trade activities with Canada in North America (Global Affairs Canada, 2018). (Han, 2018). Global Affairs Canada may have misrepresented itself and the information it presents in this article. A search of the World Trade Organization or the US Trade Department finds that trade is indeed alive and well with the Andean Community of Nations, but also with its member nations, So, while all trade seems to go through Mercosur, not all trade seems to go through the Andean Community of Nations (Magill, 1992, p. 988). The biggest fallacy that I have a problem with is that you think just because South America doesn’t have a lot of countries, that the FTAs can only be made up of four countries. This fallacy, cum hoc ergo propter hoc, is the thought process that one created or caused the other, and it isn’t the case. If the Andean Community of Nations had a wider name when they first formed and a broader scope of who they were looking to appeal to, they could have involved all of South America. As it was Chile was an original signatory member, making the Andean Community of Nations five members before then adding Venezuela and making it six. These two nations would later withdraw leaving you with the four that are present today, but the idea is that you present the fallacy that a limited number of nations produces a limited number of members. They could have looked across the Pacific to New Zealand, or Australia, or any of a number of other countries. Again, it was the framework that was the limiting factor, not the geography. Finally, your Biblical Integration. I honestly have no idea what you are trying to say there, because if I did it sounds like you would say that I am not allowed to read or interpret the Bible on my own, that I have no free-will that the Lord gave me. I believe God uses the same Bible to speak to each of us, and if we want to get particular it isn’t the same Bible, you have a Greek Orthodox version, a Roman Orthodox Version, a King James Version, New King James Version, New International Version… the list goes on and on … and in every one of these the words change. So, already somebody has “self-interpreted” it for us before we even get a chance to read it and see what God has to say to us. This whole section needs a strong re-write in my humble opinion. Word Count: 751 References Global Affairs Canada. (2018, March 22). Mercosur trade bloc - Benefits for Canada. Retrieved from ? lang=eng Magill, R. T. (1992). Andean trade preference act: step in the right direction. Law and Policy in International Business23(4), 987-1008. Retrieved from: ? men_tab=srchresults&handle=hein.journals/geojintl23&id=998&size=2& collection=journals&terms=Andean%20Trade|Andean%20nations %20and|of|Andean|Trade%20of|and%20international|and|nations %20and&termtype=phrase&set_as_cursor=7# Tafur-Dominguez, V. (2000). International environmental harmonization emergence and development of the andean community. Pace International Law Review 12(2), 283-318. Retrieved from: ? men_tab=srchresults&handle=hein.journals/pacinlwr12&id=296&size=2&collec tion=journals&terms=Community%20of%20Andean%20Nations|of|Andean %20Community|Andean|Andean%20Community%20and%20Mercosur| and&termtype=phrase&set_as_cursor=1# RTAs do not embody perfection nor do the members believe that, however, the journey towards a stable RTA is occupied with failure and problems that will cause its members and outside viewers to question the integrity of the RTA. Fortunately, the willingness of the members associated with the RTA is key to establish a function trade agreement despite their differences. This is the journey of most RTAs, however, focusing on MERCOSUR and Andean community of nations (CAN) you can see the struggle between members and its ability to continue its vision so its members can benefit. As you can see and you’ve mentioned Mercosur's gross domestic product (GDP) has expanded to $ 3 trillion, proving that growth is still possible even if an RTA has experienced political, economic or social issues in the past, and facing similar problems with Venezuela seems to be an obstacle with both RTAs. Speaking about similarities MERCOSUR was “created to be an economic and political bloc during a period when longtime rivals Argentina and Brazil were seeking to improve relations, the bloc saw some early successes” (Felter & Renwick). In earlier years “it grew out of its efforts to integrate the economies of Latin America through the Latin American Free Trade Association (1960) and its successor, the Latin American Integration Association (1980)” (Britannica). On the other hand, a similar problem inspired the creation of the Andean community of nations, “the Andean Pact was seen by Bolivia as a vehicle for resolving the border dispute with Chile. Yet Andean integration became principally an economic project for Bolivia with the Quito Protocol of 1987, which marked a shift in the Andean Pact toward the pragmatic and flexible market-oriented principles of integration that would become known as ‘open regionalism’” (MEJIDO COSTOYA). Furthermore, it is interesting that some countries will see the benefits of an RTA and still remain hesitant to join. Like you mentioned it is similar to a person/Christian who voluntarily chooses to be non-denominational. In fact, it seems that economic benefit is not the only thing that can pull nations to join, other factors play a part, for example, political stability and a steady relationship between the nations, according to lynch, MERCOSUR experienced a lot of problems dealing with its members, the tense relationship with Uruguay and Argentina, Venezuela fearing the takeover of Brazilian goods, and Paraguay decision to waiver their deal to do business with other nations. This is similar to Christians considering to join a denomination or not, seeing the benefit of knowing and learning about God is not all, the community/people play a key role as well. Lynch, D. A. (2010). Trade and globalization: An introduction to regional trade agreements. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. MEJIDO COSTOYA, M. (2011). Politics of Trade in Post-neoliberal Latin America: The Case of Bolivia. Bulletin Of Latin American Research, 30(1), 80-95. doi:10.1111/j.1470-9856.2010.00443.x The optimism in 2004 of these trade agreements is interesting. It's just too bad that things look a lot worse than they expected. The idea of two common markets signing the agreement together is an outstanding idea. However, between the Andean Community of Nations (CAN) and Mercosur, these economies are not necessarily proportional. Situations with member countries within Mercosur such as Venezuela have proven to have an adverse effect on the Mercosur RTA as a whole. “Mercosur is quite far from achieving the status of a Common Market.” (Juliana Mello, 2012) as cited by Charles (2018). Economically speaking the countries within my cursor or also unstable with much unrest. With so much difficulty being faced individually among these countries, it is difficult for Mercosur to make decisions. “Questions may be raised even prior to reflections on the division of seats; namely, those pertaining to the effectiveness of the parliamentary institution in view of the absence of an effective role in the decision-making process” (Medeiros, Mota & Meunier 2016 p. 19). Socialist policy has a difficult time connecting with the capitalist ideology RTA’s within the CAN. “Western Hemisphere agreements have not resulted clearly in a comprehensive, profound and consolidated common market except for NAFTA” (Fernando, Moran & Guijarro, 2016 p. 749). “Also, in my opinion, I honestly believe that instead of the world using all these trade blocs and agreements we should all live in harmony and be in one unity” (Charles, 2018 para 1). I partly agree that individualization or sovereignty is a reason that South American nations choose to stay away from RTA’s. However, they do participate in RTA’s to a certain point as a like-minded people. Those RTA’s are pretty significant; It's possible to correlate the Andean Community of Nations and Mercado as two different denominations. Between the both of them, their ideologies are very different. So to live in harmony a relationship must be built, then slowly everything moves closer from there. We are not perfect, but we must do something. Concerning RTA’s if there is a nation of people who fear the Lord Jesus Christ, this communication will project the gospel toward the country they are trading with, making room for the individual in international business to do the Lord's work. So that one RTA resembles a denomination who goes about doing the work of the Lord. In the video that the professor asked us to watch, The gentleman was speaking about rejecting religion. He spoke from the heart. What he is concerned with is that the lost we're holding back Christians trying to follow Jesus Christ. I think it's okay if Christians Forma de domination, especially if it is effective for the kingdom of God. Yes, you follow Christ and Christ alone. The Lord Jesus Christ Works through denominations as well. Concerning every one living in harmony, it can only work if Jesus Christ is King of it all. Unity in any other way would not be a good thing. Reference Charles, (2018) Andean community of nations and Mercosur. BUSU 464 Discussion Board Forum 3, Retrieved from ? action=list_messages&course_id=_421834_1&nav=discussion_board_en try&conf_id=_820845_1&forum_id=_1770330_1&message_id=_3202183 5_1 Fernando, M, M., Moran, C,G., & Guijarro, J,C. (2016). The effects of integration agreements in Western Hemisphere trade, 1970–2014: The effects of integration agreements in Western Hemisphere trade, 1970-2014. The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, 25(5), 724-756. Retrieved from . Medeiros, M. d. A., Mota, M. H. R., & Meunier, I. (2016). Modernization without change: Decision-making process in the Mercosur parliament *. Brazilian Political Science Review, 10(1), 1-22. doi: Any RTA greatest strength is the relationship it has with the rest of the world of course thats an addition to its internal benefits which only its members can benefit from. As of right now the role model RTA (if that makes sense) would have to be the European Union. I say this because their presence in the WTO is all together unified and member countries find it very easy to settle a trade arrangement that benefits the whole bloc rather than just one of its members individualy. The same cant be said about Mercosur and Andean Community of Nations... They both lack the commitment to arrange any trade agreements with outside countries and due to the political issues within their member states they face decreasing trade rates " The CAN has been criticized for the signing of a free trade agreement between member-states and the United States in 2005... The signing of the free trade agreement was a decision that in part led to Venezuela's withdrawal from the organization, which currently includes Peru, Bolivia and Colombia, as well as Ecuador." (Scherffius, 2015) "Turning Mercosur into a political union has in practice meant that its decisions are based on the preferences of the current left-of-centre governments, rather than on long-term national interest." ("Mercosur RIP?," 2012). This must be why countries are deterred from joining in on these RTAs. Afraid of the complex future which will await them in trade negotiations and also the potential political turmoil which would arise from disagreements such as those listed above, are those south American countries who are not part of these two trade blocs to blame for their choice? I don't think so! References Mercosur RIP? (2012, July 14). Retrieved from Scherffius, L. (2015, February 11). Ecuador Considering Withdrawal from Andean Community of Nations. Retrieved from ­Considering­ Withdrawal­from­Andean­Community­of­Nations­20150211­0023.html ...
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