test1notes - LECTURE Nine Components of the Definition of...

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LECTURE Nine Components of the Definition of Communication : 1. Situational – two people (dyadic), depends on people, face to face (lose non-verbal communication when apart) 2. Process/Interaction – communication builds on previous interactions, is irreversible, is independent (actions, reactions – influence each other), is dyadic, ongoing, always changing 3. Symbolic nonverbal/verbal, all senses are used 4. Continuum – impersonal to interpersonal (intimate), cultural, sociological, psychological (self disclosure) 5. Message Exchange – shared information (back and forth), how sharing affects relationship, reciprocity 6. Influence – not always equal, friendship vs. classroom (profs and students) 7. Intentionality – fulfill some need (saying hi back to stranger) 8. Shared Meanings – BCF (Basic Communication Fidelity), create a high level of BCF, people talk from background (pipes=arteries) 9. Relationship – vary with different people (siblings) 10. Appropriateness/Effectiveness – be effective without being appropriate, swearing, tend to alternate between the two Importance of Definitions : to understand the author’s perspective, different authors = different definitions Shared Assumptions of Dialectics : 1. Contradiction – driver of change; unified oppositions, negative opposition, positive opposition; culture, time, context 2. Dialectical Change a. Efficient cause – cause/effect (X is a cause of Y, X and Y cause and are caused by one another) b. Formal cause – no cause/effect, events unfold over time, patterns shift and change c. Teleological approach – moving toward ideal outcome (end state) d. Indeterminate approach – changing & moving to different state (not end-state), go w/ the flow; cycrical – back and forth, linear – series of non-repeating changes, spiral – recognize won’t exactly repeat, but go back w/ reoccurrences, go back to one pole while neglecting other pole 3. Praxis – draw from past to predict future (people sit in the same place), know reactions (how to react, how they’ll react), actors and objects of actions, make choices based on past and those choices affect future choices, setting boundaries for communication 4. Totality the assumption that phenomena can be understood only in relation to other phenomena a. Location – within interpersonal relationship rather than individuals, relational force v. relational force instead of partner v. partner, something that just exists (don’t like to talk in car) b. Interdependence – knots of contradictions, contradictions co-exist; primary- more important to relationship, secondary – relationship can still go on, internal v. external – between relationship and outside world Major Dialectical Research : 1. Bochner – family approach, 3 functional contradictions: expressive/revealing (protectiveness/ vulnerability), individual identity/family identity (interdependent), stable/change (circumstances)
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This test prep was uploaded on 03/28/2008 for the course COM ST 311 taught by Professor Mueller during the Summer '06 term at Iowa State.

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test1notes - LECTURE Nine Components of the Definition of...

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