OCC1 - Anastasia Kral Class#178 HDFS 276 Fall 2007...

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Anastasia Kral Class #178 HDFS 276; Fall 2007 Out-of-Class Assignment #1 October 18, 2007 When seeking out a journal article, I tried to focus my search in an area that deals with rape myths and the media. As an avid watcher of “Law and Order: Special Victims Unit,” I’ve become increasing interested in rape myths and the influences of mass media on those ideas. Also, I wanted to use an article that related to college women, as I am one and therefore, can internalize the findings of the study. I found my article, “Television Viewing and Rape Myth Acceptance among College Women,” by LeeAnn Kahlor and Dan Morrison, in the journal, Sex Roles , 2007, V. 56: p. 729-739. Article’s Abstract Prior research has shown that people who consume pornographic movies and magazines are more likely to accept rape myths. The results of the present study build on that research to link the acceptance of rape myths to general, daily television use among college women. Furthermore, our data show that college women who watch more television are more likely to believe that rape accusations are false. In addition, the data support a positive relation between conservative political ideology and rape myth acceptance. However, the data do not support the cultivation hypothesis; that is, television use did not correlate with the overestimation of rape in society. The results suggest the need for additional research focused on the role that general television viewing may play in perpetuating rape-related misperceptions.
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Kral Step One: Scholarly Research Article from a Peer-Reviewed Journal The article begins by defining the term “rape” and “myth,” offering rape statistics, and discussing findings of other studies on the acceptance of rape myths. Kahlor and Morrison state that, “Rape myths are believed to contribute to the public consciousness in myriad unproductive, damaging ways.” They also bring up the ideas that people that believe such myths may put themselves in risky situations, misinterpret situations, and not be aware of their actual vulnerability. The authors then go on to discuss rape myths increased frequency of appearing on television. They mention a study that found of 26 prime-time television shows - that contained rape references - analyzed, 42% of storylines suggested the victim wanted to be raped, 38% suggested the assault was lied about by the victim, and 46% suggested the rape was “asked for” by the victim by the way she acted or dressed. Another study mentioned found that in soap operas between 1985 and 1994, rape references increased in occurrence from one per ten
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OCC1 - Anastasia Kral Class#178 HDFS 276 Fall 2007...

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