test2 - Charles Marville French photographer that learned...

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Charles Marville – French photographer that learned from Gustave Le Gray; documented Paris’ old buildings and neighborhoods that were to be demolished; was formally an illustrator; had his early work with the waxed paper method appear in many Blanquart-Evrard’s publications; used light to give form George N. Barnard in 1857, invented a process whereby the collodion negative could be printed onto the bock, bypassing the artist’s drawing; worked with Brady briefly and then was attached to the Military Division of the Mississippi and documented the aftermath of General Sherman’s march across Georgia; published a selection of images; printed-in sky negatives, former daguerreotypist Adam Clark Vroman bookseller who used the camera to emphasize the dignity, industriousness, and charm of the Hopi and Zuni as well as to depict their customs and ceremonies; donated images to Bureau of Ethnology and used them in slide lectures and publications; played up positive aspects of tribal life; romanticize theme; pictorialism Edward S. Curtis commercial photographer in Seattle; photographed “vanishing race” in 1899; created 20 volume survey of the customs, habitations, and dress of the Indians of North America; treated subject matter aesthetically (carried around costumes and artifacts that were no longer in use); financially supported by J.P. Morgan; pictorialism Roger Fenton – infused photographic documentation with aesthetic character in the belief that the camera was capable of expression; photographed art objects; able to capture the forms of flowing water and fleeting clouds on a stereograph plate; made portraits of the royal family; involved in the Crimean War project; helped organize photographic societies (photographic club of London) Timothy O’ Sullivan - trained by Matthew Brady; old civil war photographer; went out west; one of Brady’s “operators”; depicted “native races” with a sober directness unleavened by the least sense of the picturesque; documented silver miners at work in images that suggest the constriction of space and the physical difficulty of the work Alexander Gardner – photographer that worked during the Civil War and after as a cocumenter of the western rail routes; documented Indian life; manager of Brady’s Washington D.C. studio; publisher of Gardener’s Photographic Sketchbook of the Civil War , which brought home modern warfare; photographed Lincoln conspirator’s hangings Lady Elizabeth Eastlake – one of the first serious English critics of photography; relationship of “truth” and “reality” to “beauty”; beauty not found in super-realistic visual descriptions made by machine; liked “Rembrandt-like” calotypes; photography had role to play, but not comparable to art Oscar Gustave Rejlander – manipulated photographs to be picturesque; Study of Hands
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This test prep was uploaded on 03/28/2008 for the course ART H 496 taught by Professor Godbey during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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test2 - Charles Marville French photographer that learned...

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