Glossary - Glossary A Abrasion Resistance Ability of a...

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Glossary A Abrasion Resistance : Ability of a fiber or fabric to withstand rubbing or folding. Absorbency : Ability of a fiber or fabric to take in another substance such as water. Acid Resistance : The property of withstanding contact or treatment with acids. Aesthetics : In textiles, properties perceived by touch and sight, such as the hand, color, luster, drape, and texture of fabrics. Allergenic potential : Ability of a fiber or fabric to cause skin irritation, breathing problems or other physical reactions. Amorphous : Noncrystalline, lacking regular geometric shape. Used to describe certain regions in polymers. Anion : A negatively charged ion. B Batch dyeing : Textile is circulated through the dye bath. Batik : A resist-dyeing process in which portions of a fabric are coated with wax; during the dyeing process only the uncovered areas take up dye. The process can be repeated so several colors are used. Bicomponent Fibers : fibers that consists of 2 polymers that are chemically different, physically different or both) Body : lightness or heaviness; firmness or looseness Bow : Filling yarns dip at the center of the fabric. Bright : Refers to original luster of manufactured fiber. C Carding : A process in the manufacture of spun yarns in which the staple is opened, cleaned, aligned, and formed into a continuous, untwisted strand called a sliver. Cation : A positively charged ion. Cellulose : A carbohydrate which is the chief component of the cell walls of plants. Cellulose is found in wood and in cotton, linen, jute, hemp, and all of the bast, leaf, and stem fibers. It is a basic raw material in the manufacture of rayon, acetate, and triacetate fibers. Cellulosic Fiber : A fiber composed of, or derived from, cellulose. Examples are cotton, rayon, acetate, and triacetate. Cloth beam : Large cylinder on a loom around which woven fabric is rolled. Cohesiveness : Ability of one fiber or yarn to cling to another Colorfastness : ability to resist loss of color or change due or use, care, or storage. (consumers greatest concern) Combination Dyeing : A method of dyeing where both the textile and the dyebath are circulated. Combing : A step subsequent to carding in cotton and worsted system processing which straightens the fibers and extracts neps, foreign matter, and short fibers.. Combing produces a stronger, more even, more compact, finer, smoother yarn. Copolymer : Synthetic fiber composed of more than one substance. Cord 1) A cord is formed of two or more plied yarns twisted together. 2) A rib on the surface of a fabric (example: corduroy). Core Spinning : The process of making a core spun yarn. It consists of feeding the core yarn (an elastomeric filament yarn, a regular filament yarn, a textured yarn, or a previously spun yarn) into the front delivery roll of the spinning frame and of covering the core yarn with a sheath of fibers during the spinning operation.
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