June26 - Symphony #23, Presto assai Courts of the nobility...

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June 26, 2006 Basic Elements of Music Timbre (sound Dynamics – degrees of loudness Texture Instrumental Symphony Orchestra Concert Band Like Instrument Groups Brass Choir Clarinet choir Trombone Choir Symphony Orchestras 17-18 th Century 15-30 players 19 th -20 th Century 30-120 players Medieval (up to/ around 1450) Small groups Instrumentation not specified Tu scendi dale stele 2 piffiri (shawm – double reed like oboe with holes like recorder) zampogna (bagpipe) Renaissance (1450-1600) Small groups: dance music more prevalent Instrumentation specified more often Groups of like instruments: Consorts Groups of unlike instruments: Broken Consort Popular Instruments Viols (viola da gamba) Recorders Sackbuts Baroque (1650-1750) – Archangelo Corelli, Christmas Concerto Larger instrumental ensembles Development of basso continuo Bass line – melodic instrument Bass viol Bassoon Trombone Keyboard/plucked string instrument Organ/harpsichord Theorbo/chitarrone Exploit instrumental characteristics Violin emerges as dominant instruments
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Classical (1750-1825) – Franz Joseph Haydn,
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Unformatted text preview: Symphony #23, Presto assai Courts of the nobility major employers of musicians Orchestra expands to 15-30 players Basso Continuo phased out Winds found in Pairs Flutes Oboes Horns (Trumpets-Timpani) Romantic (early 19 th-early 20 th ) Hector Berlioz, Symphonie Fantastique IV March to the Scaffold (program music, based on book, tune in every section) Widespread Acceptance and popularity of public concerts Concerts moved to larger halls Composers experimented with larger forces Valves developed ca. 1815 Large Ensembles with Conductor Vocal Mixed Chorus Womens Chorus Mens Chorus Childrens Chorus A cappella (without instruments) Chorus with: Orchestra (Band) (Jazz Ensemble) Mass Texts Proper Follows Church Calendar Ordinary Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus Agnus Dei Gloria (Renaissance) Palestrina (1567) (Baroque) Vivaldi (1713) (Classical) Mozart (1783) (20 th Centruy) Missa Luba (1960s) Carl Orff, Carmon Burana 1937...
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2008 for the course MUSIC 102 taught by Professor Stuart during the Summer '06 term at Iowa State.

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June26 - Symphony #23, Presto assai Courts of the nobility...

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