Parenteral.docx - Compare and contrast a TB syringe Insulin syringe and a 3 mL syringe Using your various syringes in your Student Supply Bag identify

Parenteral.docx - Compare and contrast a TB syringe Insulin...

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Compare and contrast a TB syringe, Insulin syringe, and a 3 mL syringe. Using your various syringes in your Student Supply Bag, identify each unit of measure [3 mL, TB, Insulin]. TB Syringe – (Calibrated to the tenths and hundredths) – 25 – 27 gauge, 1/4” - 1/2” length, <.05mL Insulin Syringe – 28 – 30 gauge, 5/16” – 1/2” length, 3/10mL – 1mL (5/16” becoming more commonly used) 3mL Syringe 1. Identify the special indications for measuring Insulin in units and not mL’s. Insulin dosages are calculated in units. Commonly used is U100, which is based on 100 units of insulin contained in 1mL. 2. Discuss the steps in needle safety (from drawing to administration) a. Choose the correct needle size based on following criteria: route of administration, viscosity of the solution, quantity to the administered, body size, and type of medication. B. Maintain surgical asepsis and use of strict sterile technique to avoid introducing organisms to the body. Needles must always be kept sterile during preparation and administration. C once used do not recap needles. D. Place needle in sharps container without recapping because most needle sticks happen during recapping, use needle guards. 3. Identify the various parts of a syringe. 4. Identify why each type of syringe may be used in performing an IM, SQ, or ID injection. Intradermal – TB Syringe (calibrated to the tenths and hundredths of a mL) Subcutaneous – Choose syringe based on amount of medication being administered. Choose needle length based on adipose tissue present and how much Intramuscular – (through skin and adipose tissue into muscle) Choose syringe based on injection site and patient’s age. 5. Discuss the volume for each syringe type [3 mL, TB, Insulin]. 3mL = 3mL TB Syringe = <0.5mL Insulin Syringe = 3/10mL – 1mL 6. Discuss the types of medication vials, pre-filled syringes, and or ampules used for parenteral medication administration. Ampules – a glass flask that contains a single dose of medication for parenteral administration. There’s no way to prevent airborne contamination of any unused medication after ampule is open. If any medication is left over, it is discarded. Risk of shards of glass falling into ampule because it must be broken at the neck. Use a filter needle to remove medication from the ampule. Vials – a plastic or glass bottle with a self-sealing stopper through which the medication is removed. Vial is usually covered with a soft metal cap for safety in transporting and storing. Vial is usually only good for 24 hours because of microbial growth. Therefore, vial should be labeled with time/date it was first used. The rubber stopper should be wiped with alcohol every time medication is removed. Air should be injected into the
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  • Spring '18
  • Nursing, Hypodermic needle, Syringe, acromion process, greater trochanter, costal margin

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